Lasykar Syiah Hudan Constribution in Business Distribution of Islam in XIII Masehi Century Aceh

Usman Ibrahim, Bachtiar Akob, Imam Hadi Sutrisno

Abstract


Lasykar Syiah Hudan is part of the Zawiyah Cot Kala College, the oldest in Aceh and Southeast Asia, built in the era of the sixth Sultan Peureulak Muhammad Amin Syah Johan Sovereign,early X century AD. One of the great scholars / teachers is Chik Abdullah Kan'an. Center for training activities in Aramiyah / Bayeun (present-day East Aceh). Besides being a professor, Chik Abdullah Kan'an was an adult who was also the leader of Wazirul Harb, the Shia Hudan army in Bandar Khalifah, known as "Teungku Chik Syiah Hudan" and his deputy was Commander Meurah Johan. The realization of the Lasykar Syiah Hudan, have contributed a lot (donations) in the effort to spread Islam through the missionaries / soldiers of Lasykar Syiah Hudan in Aceh and Nusantara / Southeast Asia inXIII AD. For example Meurah Gajah to Tamiang, Meurah Khair to Cot Girek Lhoksukon, Meurah Giri to Seureuleue Aceh Tengah.The objectives of this study were (1) to trace the location of the Syiah Hudan army, (2) the guidance and training of the Syiah Hudan Zawiyah Cot Kala army, and (3) the efforts and contribution of the Syiah Hudan army in the expansion and development of Islam in Aceh.This research design uses historical and critical methodologies. According to Gottschalk (1975: 18), that the study of the critical historical method, its substance excludes inauthentic material and concludes reliable testimony about the original material. The critical historical method consists of 4 (four) steps of the research process, namely gathering sources (heuristics), including primary, secondary and tertiary sources; criticizing these sources (both internal criticism and external criticism), interpreting the facts obtained from criticizing these sources, and historiography, namely reconstructing existing facts that have been interpreted in the form of historical writing, namely the process of synthesizing facts critically. The results of his research show that the contribution of members of the Shia Hudan missionary army, part of Zawiyah Cot Kala, succeeded in introducing Islamic da'wah in Aceh.


Keywords


Islam; Lasykar Syiah Hudan; business distribution; Aceh

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amin, Arifin, M, 1986. Brief explanation about the oldest Islamic kingdom in Southeast Asia. Langsa: Monisa Kab. East Aceh.

Batubara, M.U., et al. (2019). Islamic Communication Pattern of Judges in Dealing Conflict of Muslim Families in the Religious Court Medan. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), P. 373-386.

Djamil, Junus, M, 1968. The Tawarich Radja-Radja Keradjaan Atjeh lineage. Banda Atjeh: Kodam-I / Iskandar Muda.

Gayo, HM. 1983. Gayo Alas War Against Dutch Colonialists. Jakarta: PN. Balai Pustaka.

Gottschalk, Louis. 1975. Understanding History. Jakarta: University of Indonesia. Graha Ilmu.

Hasjmy, A. 1975. Meurah Johan Sultan Aceh First. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang

Hasjmy, A. 1978. The Flower of Overcoming Revolution from the Land of Aceh. Jakarta; Moon Star.

Husni AB, 62 years old. "Field Source / Interview". A retired civil servant, once Chairman of the Aceh Tamiang Customary Court. Live. Kuta Lintang Kuala Simpang.

Ibrahim Daud, 70 years old. "Field Source / Interview". Former employee of his own rubber plantation. Lives in Aramiyah Hamlet, East Aceh.

Lukman, 60 years old. Field Resources. Keeper of the Tomb of Meurah Khair. Staying at geudubang Cot Girek.

Mando Wahab, 75 years old, "Field Source / Interview". Former PTP employee Julok Rayeuek. Only Paya Meulingoe Peureulak, East Aceh.

Miswari, Ismail Fahmi Arrauf Nasution, 2017. Historical Studies Journal, 27 (2), 2017: 168-181ISSN: 0854-0039, E-ISSN: 2407-5825. Reconstruction of the Peureulak Sultanate conflict identity. Langsa: Zawiyah Cot Kala

Moleong, Lexy. 2010. Qualitative Research Methodology. Bandung: Youth Rosdakarya

Nasir, Muhammad. B, 68 years old. "Field Source / Interview". Imum Mesjid Babul Taqwa Pematang Durian. Living Dusun Bahagia Kp. Durian Sekerak Aceh Tamiang challenger.

Ramli Basyah, Tgk, "Field Source / Interview". 58 years old. Dayah Leader Bustanul Fata. Only the Leugeue Hamlet, Darul Imarah, Aceh Besar.

Siregar, S.F., et al. (2020). Extracurricular Implementation of Islamic Education in Character Building Students in MTs EX PGA UNIVA Medan. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, P. 965-973.

Sofyan Adam, 70 years old, "Field Source / Interview". Officer of the Teungku Chik Blang Peuria Tomb Complex (Chik Yakob). Only Blang Peuria Samudra Hamlet, North Aceh.

Suwondo, Bambang. 1977/1978. History of the Special Province of Aceh. Banda Aceh: Depdikbud.

Zainuddin, HM .. 2012. Aceh and Archipelago dates. Banda Aceh: LSKPM.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i4.1337

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 12 times
PDF - 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.