The True North Urgency of the Earth in Determining the Direction of the Qibla According to Fiqh and Falak Science

Asmuni Asmuni, Hasan Matsum, Imamul Muttaqin

Abstract


True North true north is any point on the earth to the North pole, this is because the North and South poles point precisely to the earth's axis of rotation. Therefore true north is North based on the earth's axis not North based on the earth's magnetism. So the difference is true North shows the true north direction of the earth while magnetic North is the North direction of the magnetic compass needle. Magnetic north does not coincide with Earth's true north. To find out the true North of the earth using a compass, you need to know the magnetic declination first. To know the magnetic declination can be done through a magnetic declination calculator such as WMM (world magnetic model) which can be downloaded through the crowdmag application playstore. In determining the direction of the Qibla it is required to determine the True North point of the earth.


Keywords


qibla direction; true north of earth; north of compass; declination of compass

Full Text:

PDF

References


al-A’sqalâni, Ibnu Hajar. (2000). Fathu al-Barî bi Syarhi ¢ahîh al-Bukarî. Berut : Darul Fikr.

Ali, M. Sayuti. (1997). Ilmu Falak. Jakarta : PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

ARFA, Faisar Ananda. (2007). Filsafat hukum islam (Medan : Cita Pustaka.

Azhari, Susiknan. (2005). Esiklopedi Hisab Rukyah. Jogjakarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

al-Bantani, Nawawi. (2008). Nihâyah al-Zain. Berut : Darul Kutub Islamiah.

al-Bukhâri, Muhammad bin Ismail. (1987). ¢ahîh al-Bukhâri. Berut : Daru ibnu Ka£îr.

Fairu Zabadi, Majduddin Muhammad bin Ya’qub. (1987). Al-Qamus Al-Muhiith. Berut: Muassasah Risalah.

al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad. (2007). al-Khulâ¡ah. Berut : Daru al-Minhaj.

Harun, Tgk. H. M. Yusuf. (2008). Pengantar Ilmu Falak. Banda Aceh : Pena.

al-Jaziri, Abdurrahman. al-Fiqh A’la al-Mazahib al-Arba’ah. Berut : Darul Fikr, t.t.

Khazin, Muhyiddin. (2004). Ilmu Falak Dalam Teori Dan Praktek Perhitungan arah Kiblat, Waktu Shalat, Awal Bulan dan Gerhana. Yogyakarta : Buana Pustaka.

Muda, Tgk Mohd Ali. (1994). Rumus-Rumus Ilmu Falak Untuk Menetapkan Arah Kiblat dan Waktu Shalat. Diktat, IAIN-SU.

Muhajir, et al. (2019). Method of Parents in the Development of Child Prayers Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)(Case Study of ADHD Children in Kulam Kemukiman Syamtarail Village, North Aceh). Britain International of Linguistics, Arts andEducation(BIoLAE)Journal, 278-290.

Tanjung, D. (2016). Keragaman penyimpangan akurasi arah kiblat Masjid-Masjid di Kota Medan (Tinjauan latar belakang, upaya Akurasi dan solusi) (Doctoral dissertation, Pascasarjana UIN Sumatera Utara), h. 36.

Yuslem, N. (2010). Kontekstualisasi Pemahaman Hadis. dalam MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, 34(1).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i4.1369

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 24 times
PDF - 9 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.