The Influence of Transformational Leadership, School Culture and Work Motivation on School Effectiveness in Junior High School in Medan

Gunawan Gunawan

Abstract


This research is a quantitative study that examines the participatory leadership model, school culture and motivation with school effectiveness with path analysis techniques. The respondents of this study were 343 teachers in Junior High Schools in Medan from 2,140 teachers in 44 State Junior High Schools. The findings of this study statistically show that simultaneously there is a positive and significant influence of transformational leadership and school culture on the work motivation of Junior High School in Medan teachers, where the effect is 5.9%. Likewise transformational leadership, school culture and work motivation have a significant and significant influence on the effectiveness of State Junior High Schools in Medan, which amounted to 13.7%.


Keywords


transformational leadership; school culture; work motivation and school effectiveness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, A.G.K., Ling, Y.L., Sufi, S.B., Principal Transformational Leadership and Teachers Motivation. Asian Education Studies; Vol. 3, No. 1; 2018 ISSN 2424-8487; E-ISSN 2424-9033. Pp 36-42.

A Nation at Risk. The Imperative for Educational Reform. The Elementary School Journal, Vol 8 Number 2, Nov 1983. Pp 1-16

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2011). Indonesia Dalam Angka. BPS, Jakarta,

Balitbang Diknas Medan. (2014) Data Kualifikasi Sekolah. Dinas Pendidikan Kota Medan, tahun 2013/2014. Diknas Kota Medan.

Balkar, B. Defining an empowering school culture (ESC): Teacher perceptions. Issues in Educational Research, 25(3), 2015. Pp 205-224.

Bass, B.M., Avolio, B.J. (1994). Improving Organizational Effectiveness through Transformational Leadership. Sage Publication. 1994.

Brookover; Wilbur and Others. Creating Effective Schools: An In-Service Program for Enhancing School Learning Climate and Achievement. ERIC. ISBN-0-918452-34-1. 1982. Pp 290

Card, D and Krueger, A.B. Does School Quality Matter ? Return to Education and The Caracteristics of Public Schools in the United State. In Journal of Political Economy, 100.1992. Pp 1-40

Coleman, J.S, and Jenk, S. (1966). Equality of Educationnal Opportunity. Washington DC, U.S Government Printing Office.

Creswell, J. (2015). Riset Pendidikan: Perencanaan, Pelaksanaan, dan Evaluasi Riset Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif, Pustaka Pelajar. Yogjakarta

Edmonds, R. Effective Schools for the Urban Poor. Journal Educational Leadership. By Association for Journal Supervision and Curriculum Development. October 1979. Pp 12-24

Erhan Sinay and Thomas G. Ryan. Research Series on School Effectiveness and School Improvement: Local and International Trends in School Effectiveness and School Improvement. (Research Report No. 16/17-03). Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Toronto District School Board. Oct 2016.

Hawley, W.D and Rolly, D.L. (2007). The Keys to Effective Schools: Educational Reform as Comtinuos Improvement. Corwin Press and NEA. California.

Hoy, W.K dan Miskel, C.G. (2014). Administrasi Pendidikan: Teori, Riset dan Praktik. Pustaka Pelajar. Yogjakarta.

http/www.unesco.org. Education for All. Diakses 1 Maret 2016.

Laurmpass, S and Dakoupolou, A. Educational Leaders and Teachers’ Motivation for Engagement in Innovative Programmes. The Case of Greece. Elsevier: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116 ( 2014 ) Pp 3359 – 3364

Lezzote, L.W. Effective School: Fast, Present, and Future. Journal Effective School. Vol 2 No 1. Idaho University. 2007

Manzor, QA. Impact of Employees Motivation on Organizational Effectiveness. Business Management and Strategy, ISSN 2157-6068, 2012, Vol. 3, No. 1.

Mortimore, P. School Effectiveness and the Management of Effective Learning and Teaching. The International Congress for Schools Effectiveness. And Improvement. Sweden 1993. Pp 4

Ramlan, et al. (2020). The Effectiveness of Implementation of the MGMP Revitalization Program as a Media Increasing English Teacher Competency in Pidie District. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal), 3(1): 95-103.

Reynolds, D; Teddlie, C; Strangfield, S; and Creemers, Bert P.M. World Class Schools : Some Preliminary Methodological Findings from the International Schools Effectiveness Research Project (ISERP). 2004. Pp 1.

Sanusi, A. (1998). Sistem Manajemen Pendidikan Indonesia. Bandung: PPS IKIP Bandung.

Sammonds, P; Hilman, P; and Mortimore, P. (1995). Key Characteristic of Schools Effective: A Review of Schools Effectiveness Research. International Schools Effectiveness and Inprovement Centre. London.

The Asean Parent Indonesian. Daftar SMP Terbaik se-Indonesia Versi Kemendikbud. https://id.theasianparent.com/smp-terbaik-di-indonesia-versi-kemendikbud-2015/3/. Diunggah 15 Mei 2016




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i1.824

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.