Pediatric Erosive Gastritis: A Case Report

Sulaiman Yusuf, Intan Chaharunia Mulya

Abstract


Dyspepsia is a common gastrointestinal disorder which needs diagnostic examination test using endoscopy. Pediatric erosive gastritis, the case presented, is one of the diagnosis confirmed after endoscopy examination test which is mostly associated with Helicobacter pylori infection.  A 10-year-old boy was presented to emergency department complaining cyclic vomiting, heartburn and constipation. Further inquiry revealed that similar progressive condition was also complained one year ago prompting endoscopy examination test to find out the underlying etiology. Erosive gastritis and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) were confirmed after examination. Investigation of Helicobacter pylori infection with fecal examination test was impossible due to constipation. Erosive gastritis is a gastric mucous inflammation commonly caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. The clinical manifestation of gastritis tends to be asymptomatic until a pathological component is found. Any pathology suspicion of the gastric lining may require further endoscopy examination test. The therapy of paediatric erosive gastritis includes Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI), sucralfate  sucralfate as also lifestyle modification could improve children’s condition. In conclusion, paediatric erosive gastritis is an organic disorder of gastric lining treated by Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI), sucralfate and symptomatic agents for associated symptoms.  Helicobacter pylori is often associated with erosive gastritis so that further examination is needed.


Keywords


erosive gastritis; dyspepsia; pediatric

Full Text:

PDF

References


Purnamasari L. (2017). Faktor risiko, klasifikasi, dan terapi sindrom dispepsia. Contin Med Educ; 44(12):870–3.

Syam AF, Simadibrata M, Makmun D, Abdullah M, Fauzi A, Renaldi K, et al. (2017). National consensus on management of dyspepsia and Helicobacter pylori infection. Acta Med Indones - Indones J Intern Med. 2017;49(3):279–87.

Megawati A, Nosi HH. (2014). Beberapa faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian gastritis pada pasien yang dirawat di RSUD Labuang Baji Makassar. J Ilm Kesehat Diagnosis; 4(6):709–15.

Kliegman RM. (2019). Nelson textbook of pediatrics 21st edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier.

Putra H, Jurnalis YD, Sayoeti Y. (2019). Tatalaksana medikamentosa pada penyakit saluran cerna. J Fak Kedokt Univ Andalas; 8(2):407–18.

Sierra D, Wood M, Kolli S, Felipez LM. (2020). Pediatric gastritis , gastropathy , and peptic ulcer disease. Am Acad Pediatr; 39(11):542–9.

Watari J, Chen N, Amenta PS, Fukui H, Oshima T, Tomita T, et al. (2014). Helicobacter pylori associated chronic gastritis, clinical syndromes, precancerous lesions, and pathogenesis of gastric cancer development. Worl J Gastroenterol; 20(18):5461–73.

Walter C, José I, Corrêa F, Ambar R, Faraco L, Carlos S, et al. (2018). Diagnosis and treatment of constipation : a clinical update based on the Rome IV criteria. J Coloproctology [Internet]; 38(2):137–44. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcol.2018.02.003




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birex.v2i3.1064

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 18 times
PDF - 5 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.