A Survey of Fruit Trees Species in an Urban Community in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Iyanuoluwa Kikelomo Ajayi, Joshua Kayode


A rapid appraisal technique was used to survey fruit trees species in Ifaki-Ekiti, an urban community in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The three major routes in the town and three educational institutions were sampled. Fruit trees within each stratum were identified to species level, counted and recorded. Similarity indices and indices of diversity in the occurrences of the species were determined among the strata. The perceptions of residents on the fruit trees were also determined through the use of a semi- structured questionnaire matrix administered on 20 randomly selected individuals in each of the stratum. Respondents’ indigenous knowledge on the species were determined and recorded. 96 fruit trees individuals belonging to 9 species and 6 families were sampled. The family Anacardiaceae has the highest number of species. The most frequently occurring species along the routes were Carica papaya, Anacardium occidentale, and Citrus sinensis with 12,10 and 8 individuals respectively and for the educational institutions were Anacardium occidentale, Mangifera indica and Carica papaya with 26,17 and 8 individuals respectively. 87% of the respondents were familiar with the cultivation of fruit trees and 67% of respondents were involved in planting of fruit trees in their household environment. Preference was skewed towards planting of fruit trees as food, source of vitamins and source of income. Strategies that could improve fruit tree diversity in the study area were proposed.      


fruit trees; urban community; urban forestry; Nigeria

Full Text:



Agbowuro, G. (2012). “Factors constraining the production and marketing of Pawpaw (Carica papaya)”. Continental J. Agricultural Economics 6 (2): 32-35.

Aigbokhan, E.I. (2014). “Annotated checklist of vascular plants of southern Nigeria – a quick reference guide to the vascular plants of Siuthern Nigeria: a systematic approach. Uniben Press, Benin City, Nigeria. 346pp.

Ajayi, I. K., Kayode, J. and Ademiluyi, B. O. (2020). “Study on urban trees in Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria: Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences 2 (2): 147 -156.

Anon. (2017). “What are the health benefits of papaya?” https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/275517 Assessed on May 7, 2020

Anon. (2018). “Are Cashews Good for You?” https://www.healthline.com/health/are-cashews -good- for-you Assessed on May 7, 2020

Anon. (2019). “Oranges 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits”.

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods/oranges Assessed on May 7, 2020

Anon. (2020). “Trees Have Aesthetic Value and Improve Property Values. Urban Forestry

Network”. http://urbanforestrynetwork.org/benefits/aesthetic.html Assessed on May 5, 2020

Anthon, S. & Thorsen, B. J. 2001). “Værdisætning af statslig skovrejsning. En husprisanalyse. (Valuation of afforestation by the state. A house price analysis)”. Skov & Landskab, Danish Forest and Landscape Research Institute, Hoersholm.

Apema, R.., Mouzouloua, D. Madoapevo, S.N. Vander Brugt, X., Vander Maeseri, J. & Onana, J. M. (2009). “Inventaire preliminair des fruits savages comestible Vendus sur les marches de Bangui”. Pp. 113-319. In systematique et conservation des plantes Africaines, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Auld, T. D. (2001). “The ecology of the Rutaceae in the Sydney region of south-eastern Australia: Poorly known ecology of a neglected family”. Cunninghamia 7(2): 213-239.

Awodoyin, R. , Olubode, O. , Ogbu, J. , Balogun, R. , Nwawuisi, J. & Orji, K. (2015). “Indigenous Fruit Trees of Tropical Africa: Status, Opportunity for Development and Biodiversity Management”. Agricultural Sciences, 6, 31-41. doi: 10.4236/as.2015.61004.

Baugher, T. A. & Singha, S. (2003). “Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit”. Food Products Press, New York 388pp

Bongers, F., Popma, J., Meavedel Castilo, J. & Carabias, J. (1988). “Structure and Floristic Composition of the Lowland Rain Forest of Los Tuxtlas”. Vegetation 74: 55-80.

Dhyani, S. K. & Handa, A. K . (2013). “Area under Agroforestry in India: An assessment for

Present status and future perspective”. India Journal of Agroforestry. 15 (1):1-11

Ezeabasili, A. C. C., Iloghalu, I. E., Okoro, B. U. & Manafa, I. F. (2014). “Sustainable Urban Forestry in Nigerian Built Environments”. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports 5(7): 524-531

Harris, R.W. (1992). Arboriculture: integrated management of landscape trees, shrubs and vines. Second edition. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J. M. (1958 – 1968). “Flora of West Tropical Africa”. Edition 2, Volume 2 (Revised by Keay, R. V. and Happer, F. N.). Crown Agent for Oversea Government and Administration, London. 424p.

Kayode, J. (1999). “Phytosociological investigation of compositae weeds in abandoned farmlands in Ekiti State, Nigeria”. Compositae Newsletter 34:62-68.

Kayoede, J. (2004). “Conservation perception of endangered tree species by rural dwellers of Ekiti State, Nigeria”. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 19(4): 1-9

Kayode, J. (2006). Conservation in Nigeria Perspective. Akolawole Press, Ado-Ekiti, 66pp.

Keay, R. W. J. (1989). “Trees of Nigeria”. Oxford University Press, New York. 476p.

Keith, D.A. & Myerscough, P.J. (1993). “Floristics and soil relations of upland swamp vegetation near Sydney”. Australian Journal of Ecology 18: 325–344.

Konijnendijk, C.C. (1999). “Urban forestry in Europe: A Comparative Study of Concepts, Policies and Planning for Forest Conservation, Management and Development in and around Major European Cities”. Doctoral dissertation. Research Notes No. 90. Faculty of Forestry, University of Joensuu, Joensuu..

Konijnendijk, C. C., Sadio, S., Randrup, T. B. and Schipperijn, S. (2003). Urban and peri-urban forestry for sustainable urban development. http://www.fao.org/3/XII/0976-B5.htm

Kuchelmeister, G. (1998). “Urban forestry in the Asia-Pacific Region: status and prospects”. APFSOS Working Paper No. 44. Forestry Policy and Planning Division, Rome, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand

McPherson E.G. &Simpson, J.R. (1999). “Carbon dioxide reductions through urban forestry: guidelines, for professional and volunteer tree planters”. General Technical Report PSW-171. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA.

Obembe, M. O. and Kayode, J. (2019). Evaluation of the Insecticidal Properties of Cassia alata L. against Cowpea Weevil, Callobruchus maculatus Fab. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Budapest International Journal in Exact Sciences 1(4), 84-92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birex.v1i4.481

Okpeke, L. K. (1987). “Tropical Tree Crops”. Spectrum Books Ltd., Ibadan. Olife, I. C., Jolaoso, M. A. & Onwualu, A. P. (2013). “Cashew Processing for Economic Development in Nigeria”. Agricultural Journal 8(1): 45-50.

Palijon, A. M. (2001). “An analysis of green space management strategies in Metro Manila”. Pp.147-164.In: Sievänen, T., Konijnendijk, C.C., Langler, L. and Nilsson, K. (eds.). Forest and social services: the role of research. Proceedings of IUFRO Research Groups 6.01, 6.11.04 and 6.14 sessions at the XXI IUFRO World Congress 2000, Kuala Lumpur,

Finnish Forest Research Institute, Vantaa.

Ray J.W. (1994). “Patient’s Guide to Body Electronics”. http://www.bodymindhealing.info/papaya.php Assessed on May 7, 2020

Sadio, S. (1999). “Evaluation of the implementation of FAO -TCP Project- EGY/7928 Tree planting using sewage water in Egypt”. Mission Report, Cairo, Egypt.

Schreckenberg, K. (2004). “The contribution of Shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Gaertner) to local livelihood and conservation: Case studies of non- timber forest product systems”. Volume 2-Africa. CIFOR, Indonesia.

Seeland, K. (2003). “Urban forestry in India and Nepal”. In: Konijnendijk, C.C., Schipperijn, J. and Nilsson, K. (eds.). COST Action E12 Urban Forests and Trees - Proceedings No. 2. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Brussels.

Tietze H.W. (2002). “Health and Fitness”. Harald W. Tietze Publishing Property Limited, Bermagui.

Tomicevic-Dubljevic, J. Živojinovic, I. & Tijanic, A. (2017). “Urban forests and the needs of visitors: A case study of Košutnjak Park Forest, Serbia”. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 16 (10): 2325-2335.

Tyrväinen L., Pauleit S., Seeland K., & Vries S. (2005). “Benefits and Uses of Urban Forests and Trees”. Pp. 81-114. In: Konijnendijk C.C., Nilsson K., Randrup T.B., Schipperijn J. (Eds.), Urban Forests and Trees: A Reference Book. Springer Verlag, Berlin.

USDA (2020). “Urban Forests”. https://www.fs.usda.gov/managing-land/urban-forests

Wikipedia (2020). “Urban forest”. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_forest

WRI (2001). “Earthtrends: the environmental informational portal”. World Resources Institute,

Washington D.C. http://earthtrends.wri.org/

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birex.v2i3.1066

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 29 times
PDF - 5 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.