The Effectiveness of Endomycorrhiza Species on the Growth of Barangan Banana Seedlings

Asmah Indrawati, Suswati Suswati

Abstract


Utilization of various species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Barangan banana nurseries has been carried out in a wire house. The aim of the study was to obtain data on the effectiveness of Barangan banana seedling growth after various FMA species were applied. This research was conducted with a Completely Randomized Design with mycorrhizal (A) treatment consisting of 4 levels, namely: A0. Without mycorrhizae, A1. Glomus type 1; A2. Acaulospora type 4 and A3. Glomus fasciculatum (FMA isolate collection of Prof. Dr. Ir. Eti Farda Husin, MS) with 5 replications. A total of 10 g of FMA inoculants were separately put into the acclimatization media of the Barangan plantlet in the form of a sterilized charcoal and sand mixture (2: 1). during acclimatization. The results of this study indicate that seedling growth is better in the treatment of FMA applications than in controls. Acaulospora type-4 FMA isolates; Glomus type-1 and G. fasciculatum can increase the height of Barangan banana seedlings at a rate of: 3.117%; 2,831% and 2,328% while the rate of leaf growth is better in Glomus type-1 applications (1,865%), G. fasciculatum (1,709%) and Acaulospora type 4 (1,412 and control (1,174%).

Keywords


Plantlet; Barangan banana; plant heigh; number of leaves; Glomus type 1; Glomus fasciculatum; Acaulospora type 4.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ariningsih S. 2009. Penggunaan Beberapa Isolat Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) dalam Meningkatkan Ketahanan Bibit Pisang Kultivar Kepok terhadap Serangan Penyakit Darah (Blood Disease Bacterium). Skripsi Sarjana Biologi Universitas Andalas. Padang.

Azcón-Aguilar C, Jaizme-Vega MC, & Calvet C, 2002. The contribution of arbuscular in : Schuepp S, Haselwandter H, Barea JM, Birkhauser Verlag, Basel (eds.) Agriculture: from Genes to Bioproducts, Gianinazzi, Switzerland, pp. 187–197.

Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Utara (2012). https://sumut.bps.go.id/statictable/2017/11/17/749/produksi-buah-buahan-menurut-jenis-tanaman-ton-2012---2016.html, accessed September 23, 2019

Brundrett MC, Abbott LK, Jasper DA (1999) Glomalean mycorrhizal fungi from tropical Australia. I. Comparison of the effectiveness and specificity of different isolation procedures. Mycorrhiza 8:305–314

Daryanto 2004. Laporan Perkembangan Penyakit Layu Pisang. Direktorat Perlindungan Tanaman Hortikultura, Agustus 2004.

Declerk S, Rufyikiri G, Dufey JE, & Delvaux B. 2000. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi might alleviate aluminium toxicity in banana plants. New Phytopatol. 148 (2):343-352.

Haryanti, B. A. dan M. Santoso. 2000. Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Cabai Merah yang diberi Mikoriza, Pupuk Fosfor, dan Zat Pengatur Tumbuh. http://digilib.brawijaya.ac.id.virtuallibrary/malang_warintek/pdf/ accessed

Oktober 19, 2014.

Kormanick PP, Bryan WC, & Schultz RC. 1980. Procedures and equipment for staining large

number of plant roots for Endomycorrhizal assay.Can. J. Microbiol. 26:536-538.

Mosse B. 1981. Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Research for Tropical Agriculture. Hawaii

Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human resources, Univ. of Hawaii.

Morte A, Lovisolo C and Schubert A. 2000. Effect of drought stress on growth and water relations of mycorrhizal association Helianthum almeriense-Tervesia claveryi. Mycorriza J. 10(3):115-119

Munyanziza E., Kehri H.K. Bagyaraj D.J. 1997. Agricultural intensification, soil biodiversity and agroecosystem function in the tropics: the role of mycorrhiza in crops and trees. Applied Soil Ecology 6:77-85.

Nasir N & Jumjunidang. 2003. Karakterisasi ras F.oxysporum f.sp. cubense dengan metode vegetative compatibility group test dan identifikasi kultivar pisang yang terserang. J.Hort., vol 13. no.4. pp.267-28

Nelson, P.E. 1993. Taxonomy of Fungi in the Genus Fusarium with Emphasis on Fusarium oxysporum.Fusarium Wilt of Banana. APS Press. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Sieverding E. 1991. Vesicular- arbuscular mycorrhiza management in tropical agrosystems. GTZ GmbH. Germany. pp. 371.

Singh R, Adholeya A, & Mukerji KG. 2000. Mycorrhiza in control of soil borne pathogens. In: Mukerji KG,Chamola BP, & Snigh J. (eds.) Mycorrhizal biology. Kluwer Academic, New York, pp 173–196.

Subakti H & Supriyanto B. 1996. Perbaikan tehnik budidaya pisang. Balitbangtan. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Buah. Solok

Xavier L & Boyetchko S. 2004. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant disease control. In: Arora D, Bridge P, Bhatnagar D. (eds.) Fungal Biotechnology in Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Applications. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birex.v1i4.479

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.