The Influence of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Model Collaborative and Learning Motivation Based on Students’ Critical Thinking Ability Science Subjects in Class V State Elementary School 105390 Island Image

Siti Khairani, Retno Dwi Suyanti, Daulat Saragi


The study aims to determine the influence of the Problem Based Learnimg (PBL) learning model and the motivation to students critical thinking skills, as well as the interaction between learning models and the motivation to learn from students critical thinking skills. This study was conducted at SD Negeri 105390 in the even semester of the 2019/2020 school year. The population in this study is a class V student of elementary school 105390 Island pictures numbering at 55 people. Sampling is carried out in total, i.e. V-A and V-B classes. The V-B class as an experimental class taught with a collaborative problem-based learning (PBL) model with the number of students 28 people. As for the control class is taught by a direct instruction model elected class V-A with the number of students as many as 27 people. This type of research includes research quasi experiments with 2x2 factorial design with analytical techniques variance (ANAVA) 2 lines. Based on the results of the analysis and research findings from the field obtained several conclusions that are answers to questions on the problem formulation, among them the critical thinking ability of students taught with a collaborative Problem-based learning model better than students taught with a direct learning model (sig. = 0.000 < 0.05), a student's critical thinking ability of high motivation is better than a low-motivation student (sig. = 0.01 < 0.05), and there is interaction between the two learning models with a level of motivation in influencing students ' critical thinking ability (sig. = 0.02 < 0.05).


the ability of critical thinking; motivation; a collaborative problem based learning (PBL)

Full Text:



Abin, Syamsudin. (1996). Educational Psychology. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosda Karya.

Afcariono, M. 2009. Application of Problem Based Learning to Improve Students'Thinking Ability in Biology Subjects. (Http:// Accessed 22 March 2017

Achmad, 2007. Understanding Critical Thinking. Jakarta: Earth Literacy.

Ahlam, Hala, (2014) Impact of Problem-Based Learning on Students`Critical Thinking Dispositions, Knowledge Acquisition and Retention, Journal of Education and Practice (5) 14.

Amir, M. Taufiq. 2009. Educational Innovation through Problem Based Learning. Jakarta: Golden

Anderson, W. L & Krathwohl, R, D. 2001. A Taxonomy for Learning Teaching and Asessing A Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. USA: Addison Wesley Longman.

Arends, R. 2008. Learning To Teach. Translated Soetjio. Learn To Teach. Yogyakarta: Student Library.

Arends, R. 2013. Learning To Teach. Translation Made Frida Yulia. Learn To Teach. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika. Mother, Patta. 2006.

Assessment of Process Skills and Scientific Attitude. Elementary School Science learning. Jakakarta: Ministry of National Education.

Costa, A.L. 1985. Goals for a Critical Thinking Curriculum. In Costa A.L (ed.Developing Mind: A Resource Book for Teaching Thinking. ASCD: Alexandria,Virginia.

Darma, S. 2008. Creativity. Jakarta: Directorate of Education Personnel, Directorate General of Quality Improvement of Education and Education Personnel, Ministry of National Education.

De Bono, E. 2007. The Thinking Revolution. Bandung: PT. Mizan Pustaka. Ministry of National Education. 2002. Summary of Teaching and Learning Activities. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Djamarah, S.B. 2002. Learning Psychology. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Evi, Sigit, (2018). The Effectiveness of Problem Based Learning on Science Learning Outcomes in terms of Critical Thinking Ability, Academic Discourse Journal (2) 2.

Fisher, A. (2008). Critical thinking. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Hendrik, Ihtiari, (2016) The Influence of Project Based Learning Learning Model Assisted by Microhydro Power Plant Learning Media on Critical Thinking Ability, Journal of Physics Research and Its Applications (6) 2.

Husnidar, Ikhsan, Syamsul, (2014) Application of Problem Based Learning Model to

Improve Students' Critical Thinking Ability and Mathematical Disposition, Mathematics Didactic Journal (1) 1.

Istarani, & Pulungan, I. 2015. Educational Encyclopedia Volume I. Medan: Media Persada.

Iskandar (2009), Educational Psychology. Jakarta: Echoes of Persada Press.

Johnson, E.B. 2007. Contextual Teaching And Learning. Making Teaching and Learning Activities Fun and Meaningful. Bandung: Mizan Learning Center.

Joyce, B., Weil, M., Calhoun, E. 2009. Model's Of Teaching (Models - Teaching Models). Learning Library. Yogyakarta.

Kani, (2018) The Effect of Problem-Based Learning on the Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking Disposition of Students in Visual Arts Education, Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning (12) 1.

Killen, R. (2009). Effective teaching strategies: lessons from research and practice (5thed). Victoria: Cencage Learning.

King, F.J, Goodson, L & Rohani, F. (1998). Higher order thinking skills: definition, teaching & assessment. (online) der_thinking_skills.pdf. accessed on 22 March 2017.

Krulik, S. and Rudnick, J.A. 1996. The New Source Book Teaching Reasioning and Problem Solving in Junior and Senior High School. Massachusets, Allyn & Bacon.

Kuswana, W.S. (2011). Taxonomy of Thinking. Bandung: Rosda. Masaki, A. (2012). Dialogue and Collaboration in Junior High Schools "Learning Community" Practices. Pelita Cooperation between Diknas, Kemenag and Jica.

Lumbantobing, P.A. (2020). The Contribution of Lecturer Pedagogical Competence, Intellectual Intelligence and Self-Efficacy of Student Learning Motivation. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol 3 (1): 564-573.

Maulana, (2008) Metacognitive Approach as an alternative to learning to improve critical thinking skills, Journal of Basic Education (10) 39-46.

Nashar. (2004). The Role of Motivation and Early Ability in Learning Activities. Jakarta: Delia Press.

Ni, Desak, Wayan, (2016) The Effect of Problem Based Learning (Pbl) Learning Model and Project Assessment on Students' Critical Thinking Ability, PGSD Journal (4) 1.

Nur, M. 1998. Development of learning tools in order to support the implementation of the 1994 curriculum in Indonesia. Paper Presented at Improving Teaching Proficiency of Indonesia Junior and Senior Secondary Science Teacher at SEAMEO-RECSAM. Malaysia: Not Published.

Nur, M. (2011). Problem based learning model. Surabaya: Center for Science and Mathematics of UNESA School.

Poedjiadi, A. 1999. Introduction to the philosophy of science for educators. Bandung: Cendrawasih Foundation.

Pohan, A.M., Asmin, and Menanti, A. (2020). The Effect of Problem Based Learning and Learning Motivation of Mathematical Problem Solving Skills of Class 5 Students at SDN 0407 Mondang. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol 3 (1): 531-539.

Purwanto, N. 2010. Educational Psychology. Bandung: Youth Rosdakarya.

Rahmad, Hartono, Lilies, (2016) The Influence of the Problem Based Learning (Pbl) Model on the Understanding of Biological Concepts and Students' Critical Thinking Skills about Ecosystems and the Environment in Class X SMA Negeri 1 Sigi, Journal of Science and Technology Tadulako (5) 1.

Simanjuntak, L., Sriadhi, and Saragi, D. (2020). The Effect of Project Based Learning Models and Learning Motivation on Civics Learning Results in 4th Grade Primary School 106163 Percut Sei. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol 3 (3): 1509-1520.

Wulandari, U.N., Ansari, K., and Hadi, W. (2020). The Effect of Cooperative Learning Models and Learning Motivation towards the Skills of Reading Students in Public Elementary School 101883 Tanjung Morawa Sub-district. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol 3 (2): 1209- 1219.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 233 times
PDF - 92 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.