Language Discourse in James Joyce’s Short Stories The Grace and The Araby: A Cultural Studies

Safoura Eskandari

Abstract


This study aims to investigate how the notion of language as cultural practices which construct social and cultural products function in James Joyce selected short stories, The Grace and The Araby within the framework of cultural materialism. Language is major concern of cultural studies and language is as the symbol of power. Language in literary texts plays a major role in constructing meaning and reflecting the author`s intention. James Joyce could be placed among the most dominant cultural authors whose concern is the material life, social class, social identity and cultural crisis. As an outstanding author, Joyce is well known for his typical depiction, musical decoration as well as his sticking to proper cultural and social materials and issues such as religious matters. His selected short stories of Dubliners, revolve around the lifestyle of the Irish middle-class in Dublin around the late 1800s and early 1900s. James Joyce is not so much a writer as he is a painter of words. His works appear simplistic at first glance, but under analysis they reveal the inner world of a character and the reality of the common man through symbols, metaphors, and sensory analysis. Dublin is the city of silence which threads its way through the lives of the Dubliners, for this reason Joyce‘s characters are presented in a silent state. Such silence denotes the sterility of communication and the absence of the art of conversation. Most of Dubliners characters are portrayed as having the ability of verbal activity and they can speak, yet in most cases this ability fails them and they become tongue-tied .The only way which is left for them is speak in a whispering voice. In the modern age, life has completely changed and the city has become a modernized one. This latter is the epitome of such change that has a great effect upon the modern life, bringing with it the trauma and frustration of modern failure. Joyce’s attempts to harness the effects of language and, increasingly with time, languages, may arguably be selected as the feature of his writing which mostly conditioned its technical transformations. Language is only one of those practices implicated in the symptoms of the crisis of late capitalist society. Faced with the ideological mystification of personal lives, Raymond Williams stressed the imperative of establishing connections by emphasizing the role of means of communication, he speaks of "productive communication in shaping community.


Keywords


cultural materialism; language paralysis; hegemony; discourse

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrams, M. H. (1993). A Glossary of Literary Terms. New York: Harcourt Brace Pub. Barker, Chris. (2004). Cultural Studies: Theory and Practice. London: Sage publication Inc.

Barler, Chris.(2003) Sage Dictionary of Cultural Studies. London: Sage Pub Inc.

Basirizadeh, Fatemeh. (2019). A Comparative Study of the Psychoanalytical Portrayal of the Women Characters by Virginia Woolf and Zoya Pirzad. Britain International of Humanatis and Social Sciences Journal, 1-8.

Bei, Xu. (2008) . On Reproducing Literary Style of Dubliners in Chinese, a Thesis, Shanghai International Studies University.

C. E. Bressler. (2007)Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. The USA: PearsonPrentice Hall.

Claire, Kilroy. (2010) An Introduction to today’s Irish Novelists. Dublin: Ireland Literature Exchange.

Daronkolahee, Esmaeel Najar.(2012) James Joyce's Usage of Diction in Representation of Irish Society in Dubliners: the Analysis of “The Sisters” and “The Dead” in Historical Context, The Journal of International Social Research Volume: 5 Issue: 23, PP. 169-174.

Fargnoli, Nicholas A. and Gillespie, Michael P. (2006). Critical Companion to James Joyce: A Literary Reference to His Life andWork, Infobase Publishing, New York .

Freese, Lee and Burke, Peter J. (2009) Persons, Identities, and Social Interaction, Department of Sociology, Washington State University. Advances in Group Processes, Vol.11. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press.

Harris, Marvin. (2001) . Cultural Materialism: the Struggle for a Science of Culture, Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira Press. (https://www.google.com/search?q=Harris,+Marvin.+Cultural+Materialism)

Joyce, James. Dubliners: Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism. Ed. Margot Norris. New York: W.W. Norton, 2006.

M. J. Smith. (2000) Culture: Reinventing the Social Sciences. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Raoufzadeh,N. Mohammadhosein,Sh. Zaheri Birgani, Sh. (2019) Analysis of Love, Death, Rebirth and Patriarchy in Two Contemporary Poetess Forough Farrokhzad and Sylvia Plath’s Selected Poems. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal, 56-64.

Prendergast, Christopher. (1995). Cultural Materialism: On Raymond Williams, Volume 9. London, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Roughley, Alan (1991.) James Joyce and Critical Theory: An Introduction. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Williams, Trevor L.(2013). Resistance to Paralysis in Dubliners, MFS Modern Fiction Studies Project MUSE. Web. 05 Mar.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i1.837

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.