The Different Types of Words Meaning in Minangkabau Proverbs: A Stylistics Approach

Syamsul Bahri

Abstract


The objective of this study is to find out the description of several different types of words meaning in Minangkabau Proverbs based on a stylistic approach. This research uses descriptive qualitative method in which the description and   interpretation on the real fact or object of the research done by using Minangkabau proverbs recorded  from about 8 respondents of Minangkabau Natives. The library study is also done to find several sources focused on stylistic devices based on different types of word meaning in Minangkabau proverbs. This research uses the theory from (Lethsalu, Liiv, & Mut, 1973). There are two types of stylistic devices, the first types of stylistic devices based on the interaction of lexical and contextual meaning consist of metaphor, metonymy, antonomasia, and irony.The second types of stylistic devices based on different types of word meaning consist of epithet, oxymoron, hyperbole, and meiosis. The findings show that there are several types of word meaning in Minangkabau Proverbs, namely Metaphor 68%, Metonymy 6%, Irony 8%, Epithet 2%, Hyperbole 6%, and Zeugma 10%. The dominant types of word meaning in Minangkabau Proverbs is Metaphor. It shows that  people in Minangkabau always use decorated language that uses nature as its object, to show the nature, characteristics or condition of something. Minangkabau people learn about life from nature, the process of something become something better.


Keywords


Minangkabau proverbs; stylistic devices; word meaning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kazeem, A. S. and Suleiman, M. I. (2020). Prospects and Problems of Language Policy to Indigenous Languages in Nigeria. Britain International of Linguistics, Arts and Education Journal. 2(1): 330-337.

Meisuri & Syamsul Bahri. (2019). The Use of Minangkabau Proverbs of Contrast Meanings by Minangkabau Society in Medan. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal. Vol 2 (4); 79-88.

Park, O Jeong & Ioan Milica. (2016). Proverbs as artistic miniatures: A stylistic approach. Researchgate. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316432801

Gwozdz, Maja. (2016). Proverbs in Martin Amis’s London Fields: A Stylistic Devices.

Silalahi, Roswita & Ely Hayati.(2017). Minangkabau Proverbs: Values and Functions. Atlantis Press. Vol 141. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323181944.

Srinarwati, D.R. (2018). The Disclosure of Life Experience and Its Expression in Cultural Studies Perspective. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal) : Humanities and Social Sciences. 1(2); 125-141.

Marni, Silvia et all. (2020). Minangkabau Proverb: Stimulating High School Students’ Critical Thinking and Spatial Thinking. Researchgate. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338359261

Letsalu et all.(1973). An Introduction to English Stylistics.Estonia : Tartu




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i2.898

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 62 times
PDF - 28 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.