Beginner Voter Perception of Presidential Candidates (Case Study of the Presidential Election in 2019)

Syahrur Razy, Winarno Winarno, Rusnaini Rusnaini

Abstract


In the 2019 general election, the Indonesian people simultaneously elected the President and Vice President and legislative members. The Indonesian people are waiting for who will lead the next five years, especially for the President and Vice President with figures Joko Widodo - Ma'ruf Amin and challenger Prabowo Subianto - Sandiagan Uno. This study aims to determine the perceptions of first-time voters in the two-figure Presidential election in 2019. This study uses a quantitative descriptive study, data obtained from the sample of the study population were analyzed according to the statistical methods used. Descriptive research in this study is intended to get the perception of novice voters at SMAN 5 Surakarta of the presidential candidates in the 2019 general election. There are several things that can affect perceptions about the figure of the President, namely leadership, anti-corruption, welfare, nationalism and change for a more Indonesian state good. All factors are obtained through social media owned by novice voters. Beginner voters in SMAN 5 Surakarta are in the category of critical voters because with knowledge of social media and issues in the media are able to assess whether the prospective leader is eligible to be elected in the general election.


Keywords


perception; presidential figure; newbie voter

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amrizal, D. et al. (2018). The Role of General Election Commission (KPU) in Increasing Voters’ Participation in Langkat, Medan, Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 13-24.

Anwar, Arifin. 2006. Pencitraan dalam Politik. Jakarta: Pustaka Indonesia.

Azhar, A. A. (2018). Marketing of Political Communication Created by National Mandate Party (PAN) in General Election 2005-2015, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 93-106.

Benedicta and Anita. (2018). Persepsi Mahasiswa Tentang Calon Presiden Republik Indonesia 2014 - 2018. Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta.

Breen, R. (1999). “Beliefs, rational choice and Bayesian learning”. Rationally and Society.

Brennan, G. & Lomasky, L. (1977). Democracy and decision: the pure theory of electoral politic. Cambridge: Cambridge University.

Chappel, H.W. Jr & Veiga, L.G. (2000). “Economics and elections in Western Europe: 1960-1997,” Electoral Studies.

Downs. (1957). An Economic Theory Of Democracy. New York: Harper-Row.

Evans, J.St.B.T. & Over, D.E. (1996). “Rationality in reasoning” Rationality and Reasoning, Hove, Sussex: Psychology Press.

Evans, J.St.B.T. & Over, D.E. (1997). “Rationality in reasoning: the problem of deductive competence,” Cahiers de Psychology Cognitive.

Fiorina, M.P (1981). Retrospective voting in American national elections. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Firmanzah. (2012). Marketing Politik Antara Pemahaman dan Realitas. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Franklin, C.H. (1991). “Eschewing Obfuscation? Campaigns And The Perceptions Of U.S. Senate Incumbents”. American Political Review.

Giddens, A. (1984). The constitution of society: outline of the theory of structuration. Cambrige: Polity Press.

Glazzer, A. (1990). “The Strategy Of Candidate Ambiguity”. American Political Science Review.

H.B. Sutopo. (2002). Pengantar Penelitian Kualitatif. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret Press.

Hakim, Lukmanul. 2009. Perencanaan Pem belajaran. Bandung : CV. Wacana Prima.

Hassanudin (2014) Retreived from http://hasanuddinali.com/2013/09/14/peta-persepsi-dan-citracapres/

Jalaludin, Rakhmat. (2007). Persepsi Dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Matondang, A., and Lubis, Y.A. (2018). Siladang Women and Regional Head Election in Mandailing Natal District, Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 181-187.

Moleong, Lexy J. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Edisi Revisi. Bandung : PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Rafila Ramadhan, Charaka. (2018). Faktor-Faktor Yang Memengaruhi Keputusan Memilih Kandidat Calon Presiden Di Pulau Sumatera. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Rohrschneider, R. (2002). “Mobilizing versus chasing: how do parties target voters in election campaigns?” Electoral Studies.

Scotto, T.J. Stephenson, L.B & Kornberg, A. (2004). “From a two-party-plus to a one party-one? Ideology, vote choice and prospects for a competitive party system in Canada. Electoral Studies.

Sewell, W.H. Jr. (1988). “Theory of action, dialectic and history: comment on coleman”. American Journal of Sociology.

Shubhan, H. (2006). Recall: Antara Hak Partai Politik dan Hak Berpolitik Anggota Parpol. Jurnal Konstitusi. 3(4), 3057.

Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suharman. (2005). Psikologi Kognitif. Surabaya: Srikandi.

Wijayanti, S. N., & Purwaningsih, T. (2015). Laporan Akhir Tahun Pertama Penelitian Hibah Bersaing: Desain Pemilihan Umum Nasional Serentak dalam Perspektif Hukum dan Politik. Yogyakarta. http://repository.umy.ac.id/bitstream/handle/123456789/2227/ Laporan Akhir Desain Pemilihan Umum Nasional Serentak Dalam Perspektif Hukum Dan Politik. Pdf?Sequence=1&Isallowed=Y.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i2.941

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 50 times
PDF - 24 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.