Existence of Criminal Trials against Electoral Crimes of Regional Heads (Analysis of Pekanbaru High Court Decision Number 40/Pid.Sus/2021/PT.PBR)

Muhammad Teguh Syuhada Lubis

Abstract


The process of organizing regional head elections is certainly not without constraints and dynamics. There are many violations found in every stage of both administrative violations, violations of the code of conduct and criminal violations. After several changes and changes in the rules on the election of regional heads (Governors, Regents/Mayors), in the end even though Law No. 6 of 2020 describes the special crimes of elections in it, but in its application can not override the provisions of the Criminal Code. One of them is related to the criminal act of probation contained in Article 53 and Article 54 of the Criminal Code. The research conducted is normative juridical research using secondary data by processing data from primary legal materials, secondary legal materials and tertiary legal materials. Based on the results of the study, it is known that the handling of electoral crimes of regional heads in Indonesia, namely through integrated law enforcement (Gakkumdu) centers consisting of Election Supervisory Board (Bawaslu), Police and Prosecutors. Furthermore, criminal liability for perpetrators of Criminal Trials in the General Election of the Regional Head must first meet the criminal elements in Article 187A paragraph (1) Law No.  6 Year 2020 concerning the Election of Governors, Regents and Mayors and Article 53 paragraph (1) of the Criminal Code. Once both elements of the article are fulfilled, against the severity of the prison sentence and the fine should be reduced by one-third of the maximum penalty in Article 187A paragraph (1) that is to a maximum of 4 years in prison. The last legal analysis of the Pekanbaru High Court's Decision No. 40/Pid.Sus/2021/PT.PBR the judge's decision has been appropriate the judge gave a sanction of 3 (three) years in prison to the perpetrator. It is in accordance with the provisions of Article 187A of Law Number 6 of 2020 Jo  Article 53 paragraph (1) of the Criminal Code. Because the intention of the act and the nature of harming the interests of others are fulfilled.


Keywords


Existence; criminal probation; regional head elections; analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adami Chazawi, Criminal Law Lessons: Interpretation of Criminal Law, Basic Elimination, Warning & Peringanan, Crime Complaints, Co-ordition & Causality Teachings,(Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2017).

____________, Criminal Law Lessons: Criminal Law, Criminal Offences, Criminal Theories, and Limits of Criminal Law,(Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2018).

Aristo Pangaribuan, et al. Introduction to Criminal Procedural Law in Indonesia,(Depok: Rajawali Pers, 2018).

Astri C. Montolalu. "Criminal Trial In the Criminal Code (Criminal Code)". Lex Crimen Journal,Volume V, Number 2, February 2016.

Azhar, A. A. (2018). Marketing of Political Communication Created by National Mandate Party (PAN) in General Election 2005-2015, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 93-106.

Aziz Syamsuddin, Special Crime,(Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2018).

Decision of Pekanbaru High Court Number 40/Pid.Sus/2021/PT.PBR.

Hadi Jumhadi. "Optimization of Criminal Law Enforcement Elections In The Election of Regional Heads and Deputy Heads of Regions Simultaneously". Journal Justiciabellen, Volume 01, Number 01, January 2021.

Hirda Rahmah, Purwoto and Indarja. "Law Enforcement Law Number 8 Year 2015 In Central Java Region Reviewed From Criminal Law". Diponegoro Law Journal, Volume 6, Number 2, 2017.

Jan Remmelink, Criminal Law,(Gramedia Pustaka Utama: Jakarta, 2003).

Kartika, A. (2020). The Urgency of the Criminal Provision Regulationss in Cooperatives Law at Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 947-955.

Khairul Fahmi. "Electoral Crime Management System for The Crime of Election". Journal of the Constitution,Volume 12, Number 2, June 2015.

Khairul Fahmi, General Elections In The Transition of Democracy: Compilation of Records on The Dynamics of Elections And Elections In the Reform Era,(Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindos Persada, 2016).

Law No. 8 Tahun 1981 on the Criminal Procedure Law.

Law No. 6 Year 2020 on The Determination of Government Regulation Replacement Law No. 2 Year 2020 on The Second Amendment Law No. 10 Year 2016 on the Third Amendment to Law No. 1 Year 2015 on The Determination of Government Regulation Replacement Law No. 1 Year 2014 on Governor Election, Regents and Mayors become Law.

Law No. 7 of 2017 on Elections.

Law No. 48 of 2009 on The Power of Justice.

Law No. 2 of 2002 concerning the Police of the Republic ofIndonesia.

Lawrence M. Friedman, American Law: An Introduction, Second Edition, Translator: Wishnu Basuki, (Jakarta : PT. Tatanusa, 2001).

Magelhaen Madile. "Criminal prosecution of attempted criminal acts". Lex Crimen Journal,Volume V, Number 2, February 2016.

Magdalena Lurenzia Seba. "Juridical Review of The Crime of Regional Head Elections". Lex Administratum Journal,Volume V, Number 9, November 2017.

Matondang, A., Lubis, Y. A. (2018). Siladang Women and Regional Head Election in Mandailing Natal District, Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 181-187.

Mhd. Teguh Syuhada. Evidentiary Law in The Judiciary in Indonesia,(Medan: CV. Prima Library, 2021).

Mohd, Din, et al."The Model for Law Enforcement on Election CrimesinAcehProvince. De Jure Law Research Journal, Volume 20, Number 3, September 2020.

Muhammad Junaidi. "Criminal Elections And Elections By Integrated Law Enforcement Centers". Journal of Ius Constituendum,Volume 5, Number 2, October 2020.

M. Syamsudin, New Construction of Hakim Law Culture,(Jakarta: Kencana, 2015).

M.Yahya Harahap, Discussion of Problems and Application of Kuhap Examination of Court Hearings, Appeals, Cassation, and Review, (Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2005).

Pelalawan District Court Decision No. 385/Pid.Sus/2020/PN Plw.

Peter Mahmud Marzuki, Introduction to Law,(Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group, 2018).

Rahmat Bagja and Dayanto, Election Process Dispute Resolution Event Law: Concepts, Procedures, And Technology implementation,(Depok: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2020).

Ruslan Renggong, Special Criminal Law: Understanding Delik-delik outside the Criminal Code, (Jakarta: Kencana,2017).

Rusmanto. "The Role of Investigators in the Crime of Regional Head Elections". UNISSULA Legal Journal,Volume 35, Number 2, 2019.

Salim HS and Erlies Septiana Nurbaini, Application of Legal Theory in Tesi Research and Dissertation, (Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2019).

Soerjono Soekamto, Research on Associological Law, (Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2014).

Sudikno Mertokusumo and A.Pitlo, Chapters on Legal Discovery, (Bandung: PT. Citra Aditya Bakti, 2017).

Teguh Prasetyo, Criminal Law,(Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2018).

Thousands. "Criminal Act Pelalawan Election, SS Sentenced to 2 Years In Prison Fine Rp 200 Million". Online Article, http://catatanriau.com/mobile/detailberita/5803/daerah/pelalawan/tindak-pidana-pilregional head-pelalawan-ss-divonis-pidana-2-tahun-penjara-denda-rp-200-juta, retrieved 01 April 2021, at 14:45 Wib.

Topo Santoso and Ida Budhiati, Elections in Indonesia: Institutional, Implementation, and Supervision, (Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2019).

Zainal Arifin Hoesein and Arifudin, Voter Determination in The Electoral System,(Depok: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2017).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i2.1869

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 9 times
PDF - 6 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.