Electronic Criminal Case Trial from the Perspective of Justice and Legal Certainty

Kiki Indrawan, Suryansyah Marhaini, Mutia Evi Kristhy, Kiki Kristanto

Abstract


The Covid-19 pandemic that hit Indonesia has caused major changes in the legal world. The enactment of social distancing/physical distancing rules and Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) ultimately forced the Supreme Court to make a legal breakthrough by issuing PERMA No. 4 of 2020 concerning the Administration and Trial of Criminal Cases in Courts Electronically, the purpose of which is to fill the legal vacuum in the Criminal Procedure Code and guarantee the right of the accused to immediately obtain legal certainty for the crime he is accused of through trial without undue delay, with fair treatment. and impartiality (fair trial) , which is a guarantee for the protection of the rights of everyone in the judicial process. PERMA No. 4 of 2020 concerning the Administration and Trial of Criminal Cases in Courts Electronically guarantees a fair and impartial electronic trial that meets the principles of justice and legal certainty, by clearly stipulating the rights of defendants in electronic criminal case trials, namely the right to obtain legal assistance, the right to defend, the right to be tried in a court session which is open to the public, and the right to immediately receive an examination in court for legal certainty. Then to fill the legal vacuum in the Criminal Procedure Code, and in the future, electronic criminal case trials must be strictly regulated to become the new norm in the revision of the Criminal Procedure Code.


Keywords


covid-19 pandemic; perma No. 4 of 2020 concerning administration; trial of criminal cases in courts electronically; legal justice; legal certainty

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bagir Manan. (2004). Hukum Positif Indonesia, Yogyakarta, FH UII Press.

Henry P. Panggabean. (2001). Fungsi Mahkamah Agung dalam Praktik Sehari-Hari, Jakarta: Sinar Harapan.

Jimly Asshiddiqie, dan Safa‟at, M. Ali. (2006). Theory Hans Kelsen Tentang Hukum, Cet I, Sekretariat Jenderal dan Kepaniteraan Mahkamah Konstitusi RI, Jakarta.

M. Yahya Harahap, SH. (1985). Pembahasan Permasalahan dan Penerapan KUHAP, Jilid II, Jakarta, Pustaka Kartini.

M. Yahya Harahap, SH. (2000). Pembahasan Permasalahan Dan Penerapan KUHAP, Pemeriksaan Sidang Pengadilan, Banding, Kasasi, dan Peninjauan Kembali, Edisi Kedua, Jakarta, Sinar Grafika

Prof. Dr. Jur. Andi Hamzah. (2008). Hukum Acara Pidana Indonesia, Edisi Kedua, Jakarta, Sinar Grafika.

Sudikno Mertokusumo. (1985) Relevansi Peneguhan Etika Profesi Bagi Kemandirian Kekuasaan Kehakiman, Yogyakarta, Liberty.

Legislation

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945;

Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 1981 tentang Hukum Acara Pidana (KUHAP);

Undang- Undang No. 14 tahun 1970 tentang Ketentuan-Ketentuan Pokok Kekuasan Kehakiman

Undang-Undang Nomor 48 Tahun 2009 tentang Kekuasaan Kehakiman;

Undang-Undang Nomor 14 Tahun 1985 tentang Mahkamah Agung;

Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 4 Tahun 2020 tentang Administrasi dan Persidangan Persidangan Perkara Pidana di Pengadilan secara Elektronik

Surat Edaran Mahkamah Agung Nomor 1 Tahun 2020 tanggal 23 Maret 2020 tentang Pedoman Pelaksanaan Tugas Selama Masa Pencegahan Penyebaran Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) di Lingkungan Mahkamah Agung RI dan Badan Peradilan Berada di Bawahnya;

Instruksi Jaksa Agung RI Nomor 5 Tahun 2020 tanggal 23 Maret 2020 tentang Kebijakan Pelaksanaan Tugas dan Penanganan Perkara Selama Masa Pencegahan Penyebaran Covid-19 Di Lingkungan Kejaksaan Republik Indonesia;

Perjanjian Kerja Sama Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia, Kejaksaan Agung Republik Indonesia, dan Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Republik Indonesia Nomor: 402/DJU/HM.01.1/04/2020; KEP-17/E/Ejp/04/2020; PAS-08.HH.05.05 Tahun 2020 tanggal 13 April 2020 tentang Pelaksanaan Persidangan Melalui Teleconference.

Surat Jaksa Agung Republik Indonesia Nomor: B-049/A/SUJA/03/2020 tanggal 27 Maret 2020 perihal Optimalisasi Pelaksanaan Tugas, Fungsi, dan Kewenangan Di Tengah Upaya Mencegah Penyebaran Covid-19;

Surat Direktur Jenderal Badan Peradilan Umum Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia Nomor: 379/DJU/PS.00/3/2020 tanggal 27 Maret 2020 perihal Persidangan Perkara Pidana Secara Teleconference.

Susilawati, et al. (2020). Impact of COVID-19’s Pandemic on the Economy of Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). P. 1147-1156

Other Sources

Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, lihat dalam https://www.kemenkopmk.go.id/ pembatasan-sosial-berskala-besar.

https://www.mahkamahagung.go.id/ media/7294.

https://badilum.mahkamahagung.go.id/index.php?option=com_attachments&task =download&id=629.

MA dan Kejagung Dikecam Legalkan Sidang Virtual, AyoJakarta.Com, https://www.ayojakarta.com/read/2020/04/01/14565/ma-dan-kejagung-dikecam-legalkan-sidang-virtual.

Persidangan Daring Dipersoalkan, lihat dalam https://mediaindonesia.com/read/ detail/328038-persidangan-daring-dipersoalkan.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i3.2107

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 83 times
PDF - 18 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.