Discrimination against Citizens' Rights When the Entry of Foreign National Citizens Threatened By Emergency Public Activity Restrictions (PPKM)

Gunawan Nachrawi, Marjan Miharja, Rachmat Dwi Putranto, Jean Magtel Pah, Mayang Maharani Yahya Bayan

Abstract


The entry of foreign national citizens (foreigners) into Indonesia when emergency public activity restrictions are enacted jeopardizes citizens' rights, including the freedom of movement within the country. The aim of this study is to ascertain whether there was prejudice against citizens when the emergency public cactivity restrictions (PPKM) was at stake regarding foreign national citizens' (foreigners') admittance into Indonesia. The descriptive method combined with a literature review was employed in this investigation (literature study). This legal study employs secondary primary law materials in the form of legislation containing discussions of legal topics and legal publications such as textbooks, legal dictionaries, legal journals, and other legal literature. The findings of this study reveal that when limits on community activities are enacted, the entry of foreign citizens (foreigners) into Indonesia becomes a productive contraption, as it may jeopardize the lives of Indonesian locals.


Keywords


Foreign national citizens; discrimination; covid-19; emergency public activity restrictions (PPKM)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achmadi, K. N. (2008). Metode Penelitian; memberi bekal Teoritis pada Mahasiswa tentang Metode Penelitian serta diharapkan dapat melaksanakan penelitian dengan langkaD-langkah yang benar. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Adi Briantika, “ Penjara Satu Tahun Bagi Pelanggar PSBB Saat Corona Dinilai Berlebihan”, (2020),Tirto.Id,https://tirto.id/penjara-1-tahun-bagi-pelanggar-psbb-saat-corona-dinilai-berlebihan-eL4S, accessed on July 23, 2021.

Aditya Gagat Hanggara, Jakarta Smart City, “ Jakarta Tanggap Covid-19 : Kenapa Harus #Dirumah aja selama 14 hari?”, (2020), https://smartcity.jakarta.go.id/blog/474/jakarta-tanggap-covid-19-kenapa-harus-dirumahaja-selama-14-hari , accessed on July 25, 2021.

Ahmad Faiz Ibnu Sani, “Timbang-Menimbang Lockdown Hadapi Wabah Corona Ala Pemerintah,” Tempo.Co,https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1321846/timbang-menimbang-lockdown-hadapi-wabaD-corona-ala-pemerintah accessed on July 25, 2021.

Ali, H. (2006). Filsafat Hukum. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika Cetakan Pertama.

ALODOKTER, “ Mengetahui Manfaat Vaksin COVID-19 dan Kelompok Penerima Prioritasnya, (2021),https://www.alodokter.com/mengetahui-manfaat-vaksin-covid-19-dan-kelompok-penerima-prioritasnya, accessed on July 23, 2021.

Asikin, A. d. (2004). Pengantar Metode Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: PT.Raja Grafindo Persada.

Christian, J. H. (2015). Hukum Keimigrasian Bagi Orang Asing Di Indonesia. Jakarta Timur: Sinar Grafika.

CNN Indonesia, “ Rincian Kategori Sanksi Pelanggar PPKM Darurat Luar Jawa Bali “,(2021), https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210709174230-20-665634/rincian-kategori-sanksi-pelanggar-ppkm-darurat-luar-jawa-bali, accessed on July 23, 2021.

CNN Indonesia, (2021), Jakarta, “ WNA Masih Bisa Masuk Dengan Syarat”, https://www.cnnindonesia.com/ekonomi/20210722135439-92-670817/wna-masiD-bisa-masuk-ri-dengan-syarat , accessed on July 26, 2021.

Dauvergne, C. (2006). Making People Illegal: What Globalization Means Migration and Law. Cambridge- New York: cambrudge Universitas Press.

Deti Mega Purnamasari. (2021) .“ Ketentuan Bagi WNA dan WNI dari Luar Negeri Selama PPKM Darurat”, , Kompas.Com, https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2021/07/05/07085371/ketentuan-bagi-wna-dan-wni-dari-luar-negeri-selama-ppkm-darurat?page=all, accessed on July 23, 2021.

Detiknews, “Dasar Hukum PPKM darurat” (2021) , https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5628512/ini-dasar-hukum-ppkm-darurat-yuk-disimak accessed on July 23, 2021.

DetikNews, “ Anies Ungkap Pidana Maksimal 1 Tahun Penjara dan Denda Rp.100 Juta Untuk Pelanggar PSBB, (2020), https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4971961/anies-ungkap-pidana-maksimal-1-tahun-dan-denda-rp-100-juta-untuk-pelanggar-psbb, accessed on July 23, 2021.

Diky Budiman, S. D. (2020). Masuknya Warga Negara Asing Dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Pertahanan. Jurna BENING Prodi Manajemen Universitas Riau Kepulauan Batam , Volume 7 No. 1, 53.

Halodoc,” Mengenal Protokol Kesehatan 5M Untuk Cegah Covid-19”, (2021), https://www.halodoc.com/artikel/mengenal-protokol-kesehatan-5m-untuk-cegaD-covid-19 , accessed on July 25, 2021.

Ichsan, R et al.(2021). Determinant of Sharia Bank's Financial Performance during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). P. 298-309

Irawan Sapto Adhi, “4 Manfaat Vaksin Covi-19 Yang Perlu Di Pahami”, (2021), Kompas.Com,https://health.kompas.com/read/2021/06/27/120400768/4-manfaat-vaksin-covid-19-yang-perlu-dipahami?page=all, accessed on July 23, 2021.

Fatcahya, R. D. (2020). Penerapan Sistem Border Control Management Dari Sisi Keamanan ( Selective Policy ) Ditempat Pemeriksaan Imigrasi Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno-Hatta. Jurnal TEMATICS ( Technology Management and Informatics Research ) , Volume 3 No. 1, 81.

Mela Arnani , “ Perbedaan PPKM dan PSBB “ (2021) , Kompas.com https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2021/01/11/141500665/ppkm-mulai-diberlakukan-hari-ini-simak-berikut-bedanya-dengan-psbb?page=allaccessed on July 23, 2021.

Muhammad Idris, “ Masih Belum Paham Apa Itu PPKM?, (2021), Kompas.com, https://money.kompas.com/read/2021/07/17/111002626/masiD-belum-paham-apa-itu-ppkm?page=all accessed on July 23, 2021.

Negeri, K. D. (2020). Tim Kerja Kementerian Dalam Negeri, Pedoman Umum Menghadapi Pandemi Covid19 Bagi Pemerintah Daerah. Pencegahan, Pengendalian, Diagnosis Dan Manajemen .

Nicholas Ryan Aditya, “ 24.594 WNA Masuk ditengah PPKM Darurat, Anggota DPR Sensitif terhadap Penderitaan Rakyat” (2021), Kompas.com, https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2021/07/09/11533381/24594-wna-masuk-di-tengaD-ppkm-darurat-anggota-dpr-tak-sensitif-terhadap?page=all , accessed on July 25, 2021.

Reporter Tempo.Co.,” Aturan Terbaru Bagi WNA dan WNI Yang Mau Masuk Ke Indonesia Selama PPKM Darurat”, (2021), Tempo.Co,https://bisnis.tempo.co/read/1481244/aturan-terbaru-bagi-wna-dan-wni-yang-mau-masuk-ke-indonesia-selama-ppkm-darurat/full&view=, accessed on July 23, 2021.

Santoso, M. (2007). Perspektif Imigrasi Dalam United Nation Convention Againts Transnational Organized Crime. Jakarta: Perum Percetakan Negara-RI.

Sanur, D. (2020). Wacana Kebijakan Lockdown Dalam Menghadapi Covid19 Di Indonesia . Info Singkat 12. no 6 , pp. 25-30.

Tim Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19, “Data Sebaran Covid-19 Di Indonesia,” Https://Covid19.Go.Id/ , last modified 2020, accessed May 11, 2020,

Undang-Undang No. 6 Tahun 2011 Tentang Keimigrasian.Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor HK.01.07/MENKES/382/2020 Tentang Protokol Kesehatan Bagi Masyarakat Di Tempat Umum Dalam Rangka Pencegahan Dan Pengendalian Corona Virus Disease 2019( COVID-19)

Undang-Undang Nomor 6 Tahun 2018 tentang Kekarantinaan Kesehatan Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 9 Tahun 2020 tentang Pedoman Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar Dalam Rangka Percepatan Penanganan CORONA VIRUS DISEASE 2019 ( COVID-19 )

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 25 Tahun 2007 Tentang Penanaman Modal Surat Edaran Nomor 8 Tahun 2021 Tentang Protokol Kesehatan Perjalanan Internasional Pada Masa Pandemi Corona Virus Disease 2019 ( COVID-19).

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 37 Tahun 1999 Tentang Hubungan Luar Negeri, Tentang Hubungan Luar 1999). UU Nomor 12 Tahun 2006 tentang Kewarganegaraan

Wikipedia, “Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar” , (2021), https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pembatasan_sosial_berskala_besar, accessed on July 23, 2021.

Willemijin L. Vlieg, e. a. (2017). Comparing National Infection Disease Surveillance System. China and Netherlands , p. 3.

World Health Organization, “Corona Disease (Covid-19) Pandemic,” WHO, (2021), https://covid19.who.int/ , accessed on July 25, 2021.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i3.2509

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 77 times
PDF - 18 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.