Local Government Efforts in Encouraging the Existence of Subsistence Agriculture as an Alternative to the Supply of Food Needs in Lingga Regency

Mendra Wijaya, Handrisal Handrisal


As one of the regions in the Riau Archipelago Province, Lingga Regency has its potential in the agricultural sector, supporting local food needs to distribute the surrounding area. So far, food needs in Lingga are supplied from Jambi Province or other regions, so that the dependence on food from other regions is very high. So, if the weather changes every year, the supply of food needs will decrease, and prices will be higher. The solution, the production of subsistence farmers, can be used as an alternative to meet food needs. Therefore, local governments encourage subsistence agricultural productivity so that production results are utilized by providing subsidies for agricultural production facilities, supporting farming capital, strengthening farmer institutions, and providing rural transportation. Meanwhile, technology cannot increase productivity, considering that subsistence farmers still use traditional culture, so local farmers cannot use that modern agricultural technology. This study aims to determine how local governments encourage the productivity of subsistence farmers as suppliers of regional food needs. Then this research is qualitative with a study approach that examines the government's efforts to encourage subsistence agricultural production.


subsistence farmer; food supply needs; local government

Full Text:



Angelia, N. (2020). Analysis of Community Institution Empowerment as a Village Government Partner in the Participative Development Process. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Vol 3 (2): 1352-1359.

Anggito, A., & Setiawan, J. (2018). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif. CV Jejak (Jejak Publisher).

Arham, M. A., Fadhli, A., & Dai, S. I. (2020). Does Agricultural Performance Contribute to Rural Poverty Reduction in Indonesia? Jejak, 13(1), 69–83. https://doi.org/10.15294/jejak.v13i1.20178

Azis, M., Hidayat, A., & Ismail, A. (2020). Penilaian Kerugian Ekonomi Usaha Tani Padi Sawah dan Status Keberlanjutan Pengelolaan Saluran Irigasi Sekunder Vanderwijck di Yogyakarta. Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian, 18(1), 1–24.

Aziza, T. N. (2019). Upaya Penguatan Kelembagaan Pangan. Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Agribisnis, 3(1), 204–217. https://jepa.ub.ac.id/index.php/jepa/article/view/159

Barbier, E. B., & Hochard, J. P. (2016). Does land degradation increase poverty in developing countries? PloS One, 11(5), e0152973.

Chivasa, N. (2019). Sustainability of food production support services offered by Sustainable Agriculture Trust to subsistence farmers in Bikita District, Zimbabwe. Jamba: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 11(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.4102/JAMBA.V11I1.526

Dewi, E. (2018). Returning Government Policy for Poverty Reduction in Aceh. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Vol I (4): 40-49.

FAO. (2015). The economic lives of smallholder farmers. In FAO Food And Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://www.macrothink.org/journal/index.php/rae/article/view/6320%0Ahttp://www.upov.int/edocs/mdocs/upov/en/upov_sym_ge_11/upov_sym_ge_11_10.pdf%0Ahttp://ajae.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/doi/10.2307/1241587%0Awww.iosrjournals.org%0Ahttp://link.springer.com/10.

Hayat, H., & Si, M. (2018). Kebijakan Publik Evaluasi, Reformasi Dan Formulasi. Malang: Intrans Publishing.

Lei, W. (2019). Game Analysis and Countermeasure of Internet Finance and Financing of Agricultural-related Small and Micro Enterprises. 4th Annual International Conference on Social Science and Contemporary Humanity Development (SSCHD 2018), 476–480.

Lencucha, R., & Thow, A. M. (2019). How neoliberalism is shaping the supply of unhealthy commodities and what this means for NCD prevention. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 8(9), 514.

Mandang, M., Sondakh, M. F. L., & Laoh, O. E. H. (2020). Karakteristik Petani Berlahan Sempit Di Desa Tolok Kecamatan Tompaso. Agri-Sosioekonomi, 16(1), 105. https://doi.org/10.35791/agrsosek.16.1.2020.27131

Mariyono, J. (2019). Stepping up from subsistence to commercial intensive farming to enhance welfare of farmer households in Indonesia. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 6(2), 246–265. https://doi.org/10.1002/app5.276

Oyo, B., & Kalema, B. M. (2016). A System Dynamics Model for Subsistence Farmers’ Food Security Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of System Dynamics Applications, 5(1), 17–30. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijsda.2016010102

Paudel, M. N. (2016). Prospects and limitations of agriculture industrialization in Nepal. Agronomy Journal of Nepal, 4, 38–63.

Rigg, J., Salamanca, A., & Thompson, E. C. (2016). The puzzle of East and Southeast Asia’s persistent smallholder. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 118–133.

Setiawan, I. (2018). Handbook Pemerintahan Daerah. Wahana Resolusi.

Setiyowati, I. L., & Noor, I. (2018). Farmer Exchange Rate and Agricultural Land Conversion Analysis to Agricultural Sector Poverty in Indonesia. 10(1), 35–43.

Shikur, Z. H. (2020). Agricultural policies, agricultural production and rural households’ welfare in Ethiopia. Journal of Economic Structures, 9(1), 1–21.

Sibhatu, K. T., & Qaim, M. (2017). Rural food security, subsistence agriculture, and seasonality. PloS One, 12(10), e0186406.

Sugiyono, S. (2010). Metode penelitian kuantitatif dan kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta Bandung.

Tarigan, H., Suhaeti, R. N., Sunarja, R. R., Darwis, V., & Hastuti, S. (2017). Analisis tipologi dan penguatan kelembagaan petani kecil dalam rangka transformasi menuju petani komersial. Bogor (ID): Pusat Sosial Ekonomi Dan Kebijakan Pertanian. Sekretariat Jenderal. Kementerian Pertanian.

Tedjaningsih, T., Suyudi, S., & Nuryaman, H. (2018). Peran kelembagaan dalam pengembangan agribisnis mendong. Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis, 4(2), 210–226.

Trukhachev, V., Ivolga, A., & Lescheva, M. (2015). Enhancement of land tenure relations as a factor of sustainable agricultural development: Case of Stavropol Krai, Russia. Sustainability, 7(1), 164–179.

van der Ploeg, J. D. (2018). From de-to repeasantization: The modernization of agriculture revisited. Journal of Rural Studies, 61, 236–243.

Wahed, M., Iriani Sri Setiawati, R., & Asmara, K. (2020). Fenomena Sosiologis Petani Pedesaan yang Terpinggirkan di Indonesia. OECONOMICUS Journal of Economics, 5(1), 24–37. https://doi.org/10.15642/oje.2020.5.1.24-37

Waskitojati, D., Kameo, D., & Wiloso, P. G. (2019). Tantangan Kebijakan Pembangunan Pertanian Dalam Masyarakat Subsisten: Analisis Kebijakan Revolusi Pertanian Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya (SBD), NTT. Agric, 31(2), 158–175.

Windasai, W., Said, M. M., & Hayat, H. (2021). Peran Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Nelayan. Jurnal Inovasi Penelitian, 2(3), 793–804.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i3.2526

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 76 times
PDF - 19 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.