Analysis of the Paradigm Shift in the Right to Education during a Pandemic for Students from a Human Rights Perspective

M. Afif Hasbullah


The purpose of this study was to analyze access to the paradigm shift in the right to education during the pandemic for students from the perspective of human rights. This study uses a type of juridical-normative research. The primary legal sources used in this research are the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, Law No. 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System, the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The types of legal sources used in this study are primary and secondary sources of law. Based on the analysis of legal sources, it can be concluded that the implementation of education is a right to education protected by the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia and confirmed by the Human Rights Act. Understanding the right to education is more broadly understood as obtaining educational services in various forms/methods of online learning. Learning to use internet media also confirms that the right to education is closely related to the completion of the right to information following Articles 13, 14 and 15 of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.


Analysis; right to education; human rights; pandemic covid-19

Full Text:



Annamalai, E., & Skutnabb-Kangas, T. (2020). 19 Social justice and inclusiveness through linguistic human rights in education. In Handbook of Home Language Maintenance and Development (pp. 377-400). De Gruyter Mouton.

Aubry, S., de Koning, M., & Adamson, F. (2021). Developing human rights guiding principles on State obligations regarding private education. In Realizing the Abidjan Principles on the Right to Education. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Awulle, C. S. E. (2020). Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan Kristen Sebagai Pemenuhan Hak Asasi Manusia. SIKIP: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Kristen, 1(1), 25-37.

Azhar,A. (2018). Students’ Trends in Islamic Communication Postgraduate in2010-2016 State Islamic University of North Sumatera (UINSU). Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal), P.206-214.

Barton, K. C. (2020). Students’ understanding of institutional practices: The missing dimension in human rights education. American Educational Research Journal, 57(1), 188-217.

Christianto, H. (2020). Penggunaan Media Internet dalam Pemenuhan Hak atas Pendidikan di Masa Pandemi Covid-19: Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia dan Hukum Pidana. Jurnal HAM, 11(2), 239-253.

Dewantara, J. A., Nurgiansah, T. H., & Rachman, F. (2021). Mengatasi Pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia dengan Model Sekolah Ramah HAM (SR-HAM). Edukatif: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 3(2), 261-269.

Donoso, G. R., Valderrama, C. G., & LaBrenz, C. A. (2021). Human Rights in Chilean Social Work: Lessons from Chile to Prepare Social Work Students for Human Rights Practice. Journal of Human Rights and Social Work, 6(2), 108-119.

El Muhtaj, M., Siregar, M. F., Pa, R. B. B., & Rachman, F. (2020). Literasi Hak Asasi Manusia dalam Kurikulum Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan di Perguruan Tinggi. Jurnal HAM, 11(3), 369.

Gunawan, B. (2020). Analisis Yuridis Pendidikan Jarak Jauh dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia dalam Undang-Undang Dasar NRI 1945 pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 di Indonesia. Jurnal HAM, 11(3), 387-404.

Haling, S., Halim, P., Badruddin, S., & Djanggih, H. (2018). Perlindungan Hak Asasi Anak Jalanan Dalam Bidang Pendidikan Menurut Hukum Nasional Dan Konvensi Internasional. Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan, 48(2), 361-378.

Heriyah, M. B., & Barthos, M. (2021, May). Protection of Road Children's Rights in Education According to National Law. ICLSSEE 2021: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Law, Social Science, Economics, and Education, ICLSSEE 2021, March 6th 2021, Jakarta, Indonesia (p. 428). European Alliance for Innovation.

Indriyani, D. (2017). Hak Asasi Manusia dalam Memperoleh Pendidikan. Jurnal Pendidikan Hukum, Politik dan Kewarganegaraan, 7, 1-12.

Isenström, L., & Quennerstedt, A. (2020). Governing rationalities in children’s human rights education. International Journal of Educational Research, 100, 101546.

Itasari, E. R. (2019). Hak Pendidikan di Wilayah Perbatasan Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia. Cakrawala Hukum: Majalah Ilmiah Fakultas Hukum Universitas Wijayakusuma, 21(2), 71-86.

Khakim, A. (2018). Hak Asasi Manusia Dalam Perspektif Pendidikan Islam. Evaluasi: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 2(1), 371-381.

Machali, I. (2012). Islam Memandang Hak Asasi Pendidikan. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, 27(1), 1-20.

Ningrum, P. A., et al. (2020). The Potential of Poverty in the City of Palangka Raya: Study SMIs Affected Pandemic Covid 19. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No 3, Page: 1626-1634.

Noyori-Corbett, C., & Moxley, D. P. (2021). Research-Informed Competencies for Human Rights Field Education in Social Work. Journal of Human Rights and Social Work, 6(1), 59-66.

Poluakan, M. V., Dikayuana, D., Wibowo, H., & Raharjo, S. T. (2019). Potret Generasi Milenial pada Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. Focus: Jurnal Pekerjaan Sosial, 2(2), 187-197.

Rina, R. (2017). Hak-hak Pendidikan Kaum Perempuan di Indonesia Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia. Fikri: Jurnal Kajian Agama, Sosial dan Budaya, 2(1), 231-258.

Rubiana, E. P., & Dadi, D. (2020). FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MOTIVASI BELAJAR IPA SISWA SMP BERBASIS PESANTREN. Bioed: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 8(2), 12-17.

Sabon, M. B., & SH, M. (2020). Hak Asasi Manusia: Bahan Pendidikan untuk Perguruan Tinggi. Penerbit Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya.

Saleh, A., Mujahiddin. (2020). Challenges and Opportunities for Community Empowerment Practices in Indonesia during the Covid-19 Pandemic through Strengthening the Role of Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). Volume 3, No 2, Page: 1105-1113.

Sidiq, R. S. S., Jalil, A., & Achmad, R. W. W. (2021). Virtual World Solidarity: How Social Solidarity is Built on the Crowdfunding Platform Kitabisa. com. Webology, 18(1), 192-202.

Trofimov, M., Provodina, O., Smirnov, D., & Zasseyev, D. (2020). The concept, types, and system of social factors negatively affecting the enforcement of the human rights to education (based on the analysis of legal regulation of education in the Caucasus from the 19th century until now). Revista Inclusions, 419-435.

Wannamakok, W., Sissokho, O., & Gates, T. G. (2020). Human rights and education for Gambian young women during COVID-19: Recommendations for social policy and practice. International Social Work, 63(6), 825-829.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 20 times
PDF - 6 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.