A Study of Buluh Tumbang Community, Belitung: The Social Movements Antitheses Analysis

Arlina Arifin Djemahir, Eliza Ariesta, Ronny Rudolf Siahaan, Wulandini Wulandini

Abstract


Belitung Island has a long history in tin production and trading. The abundant tin content has attracted power from time to time to carry out exploitation. Although the victims are reportedly thinning tin, the news about the prediction of Thorium as a valuable mineral for energy production is expected to add to the history of mining in Belitung for thousands of years into the future. Several studies reveal that apart from having a positive impact, especially on the economy, mining also has a negative impact. Environmental degradation is getting worse every day and requires comprehensive handling. Although tin mining actually has a significant impact on the economic life of the community, mining activities do not guarantee a sustainable life for the community. The awareness that environmental damage is getting serious and worrying has not yet been collective-confrontational action directed at the responsible party. The common view of the people, government, and mining actors regarding economic dependence on tin affects the weakness of the framing process and the mobilization of reactions related to the problem of environmental damage. The contention of the people, government and mining actors took place in mutual compromise. This condition can threaten a threat to sustainable development. Contest analysis is needed to clarify the picture of the extent to which the dynamics of contestation can contribute to promoting sustainable development.


Keywords


movement; environmental damage; contention; society; government; miners

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anugrah, D., (2016, Oktober 11). Timah dan potret suram Bangka Belitung. Retrieved from http://tirto.id.indepth. https://tirto.id/timah-dan-potret-suram-bangka-belitung-bSUf Erman, E. (2010). Aktor, akses dan politik lingkungan di pertambangan timah Bangka, Jurnal Masyarakat Indonesia, 36(2), pp. 71– 101. doi: 10.14203/jmi.v36i2.640.

Azis, I. J., Salim, E. (2005). Development Performance and future scenarios in the context of sustainable utilisation of natural resources, in Resosudarmo, B. P. (Ed). The politics and economics of Indonesia’s natural resources. Indonesia Update Series, 125-142.

Badan Pusat Statistik. Produksi barang tambang mineral 2014-2019. Retrieved February 10, 2021 from https://www.bps.go.id/indicator/10/508/1/produksi-barang- tambang-mineral.html

Badan Pusat Statistik. Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung dalam Angka 2021. Bangka Belitung. BPS. Retrieved Maret 31, 2021 from https://Kepulauan Bangka Belitung.bps.go.id/publication

Bo’do, S., Siahaan, H., and Ida, R. (2019). Social Media, Public Sphere and Movement Discussion of Urban Farming in Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Vol 2 (3): 250-261.

Erwana. F., Dewi, K., Rahardyan, B. (2015). Study of socio-economic and environmental impacts of unconventional tin mining (a case study: Bangka Barat district of Bangka Belitung province). 3rd ESDP 2015. 147-160.

Eriyanto. (2002). Analisis Wacana: Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. Yogyakarta: LKIS. Giddens, Anthony. 1985. The Nation-State and Violence. Cambridge, England: Polity Press.

Ginting, P., Budi, R., and Khalid, K. (2014). Grim portrait of Bangka Belitung tin mining: Demanding global, national and local responsibility to restore Bangka Belitung islands following negative tin mining impacts.

Harahap, R. Fitri. (2016). Restorasi lahan pasca tambang timah di Pulau Bangka. Jurnal Society, Volume VI, Nomor I, Juni 2016, 61-68.

Hariyanto, A., Iskandar, H.K. (2011). Kajian identifikasi potensi dan permasalahan sumberdaya air. Perencanaan Kota & Wilayah, 11(2), https://ejournal.unisba.ac.id/index.php/planologi/article/view/1381/852.

Heidhues, Mary F. Somers, (2017). Bangka in the 1950s: Indonesian Authority and Chinese Reality. Indonesia, (103), 1-24. doi:10.5728/indonesia.103.0001.

Henri, Hakim, L., Batoro, J. (2018). Kearifan lokal masyarakat sebagai upaya konservasi hutan pelawan di Kabupaten Bangka Tengah, Bangka Belitung. Ilmu Lingkungan, 6(1), 49- 57.

Kartasaswita, S., Gani, A.R. (2017). Lahan bekas tambang timah di Pulau Bangka dan Belitung, Indonesia dan kesesuaiannya untuk komoditas pertanian. Tanah & Iklim, 41(2). 21-33.

Korban tewas tambang timah di Kepulauan Bangka Belitung terus berjatuhan, pemerintah didesak audit wilayah. (2020, Maret 11). Kompas.com. Retrieved from http://regional.kompas.com

Ibrahim, Haryadi, D., Wahyudin, N. (2019). Politik Ekologi: Dan Pelajaran dari Kasus Timah Bangka Belitung.Yogyakarta, Istana Merdeka.

Imron, Masyuri . (2003). Kemiskinan dalam masyarakat nelayan. Masyaakat dan Budaya. Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (P2KK - LIPI). DOI: https://doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v5i1.25.

Kavin, R. (2014). Politik Lokal di Bangka Belitung Antara Timah dan Etnis Tionghoa. Administrasi Pemerintah Daerah, VIII(April 2013), 75–92. Retrieved from http://ejournal.lipi.go.id/index.php/jmiipsk/article/view/640/432

Rahmawati, E., Purwanto, D., A. (2019). Adaptasi masyarakat terhadap perubahan penutup lahan di kecamatan Kelapa Kampit, Belitung Timur. Forum Ilmu Sosial, 39(2), 104- 114.

Oktarizal, Yuwono, B.S., Agustini, M., Nasrun, A. (Ed). (2020). Analisis Isu Terkini Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung 2020. Bangka Belitung, Indonesia: Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung.

Pemerintah Daerah Bangka Belitung, (2019). Rencana Pembangunan Industri Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung Tahun 2019-2039.

Purnaweni, H., Kismartini, Prabawani, B., Roziqin, A. (2019). Bangka Belitung island: Great potencies of massive environmental impacts. E3S Web of Conferences, 125(09008), https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/201912509008.

Rahmadi, R,”Selain rusak lingkungan, Tanbang timah di Bangka juga makan korban jiwa”. Mongobay.co.id. Retrieved from https://www.mongabay.co.id/2020/09/17/selain- rusak-lingkungan-tambang-timah-di-bangka-juga-makan-korban-jiwa/

Gubernur Bangka Belitung Moratorium Izin Tambang. (2017, Agustus 19).

Republika. Retrieved from htps://www.republika.co.id/berita/ouxhrt384/gubernur-babel- moratorium-izin-tambang-timah.

Ribu HA hutan Bangka Belitung rusak akibat tambang timah. (2019, Sept 4). Republika. Retrieved from https://www.republika.co.id/berita/pxalma382/200-ribu-ha-hutan- bangka-belitung-rusak-akibat-tambang-timah.

Syahputra, iswandi. (2018). Strategi Media Relations Perusahaan Pertambangan Timah dan Agenda Setting. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi, Volume 6, No. 1, Juni 2018, hlm. 91-105.

Pengelolaan tambang di Bangka Belitung harus sesuai UU. (2018, May 4). Republika. Retrieved from https://www.tribunnews.com/nasional/2018/05/04/pengelolaan- tambang-di-babel-harus-sesuai-uu.

Sabri, Fadillah., Aulia, Taufik., Tresnanda, Mega. (2017). Analisis banjir Belitung Timur. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian & Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat. ISBN: 978- 602-61545-0-7.

Swastiwi, A.W., Nugraha, S. A., Purnomo, H. (2017). Lintas Sejarah Perdagangan Timah di Bangka Belitung Abad 19-20. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Balai Pelestarian Budaya Kepulauan Riau.

Tarrow, S. (1998). Power in Movement: Social Movements and Pontentious politics (2nd ed., Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511813245.

The MLM Revolutionary Study Group. (2017). The Destruction of the Indonesian Communist Party in 1965 and the Road Not Taken. Retrieved from: http://www.marxists.org.history/erol/indonesia/mlm.pdf

WALHI in collaboration with Milieudefensie. Amsterdam. Retrieved Maret 31, 2021, from http://piusginting.blogspot.com/2014/11/grim-portraits-of-bangka-belitung-tin- mining.html.

Wijaya, Eka (2016). Analisis Kondisi Infrastrukur Dengan Menggunakan Skala Penilaian Asce Di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung, Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Wodak, R., Meyer, M. (2001). Methods of critical discourse analysis. Vol. 1. SAGE. Doi: 10.4135/9780857028020.d4.

Yunianto, B. (2009). Kajian problema pertambangan timah di provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung sebagai masukan kebijakan pertimahan nasional. Teknoligi Mineral dan Batubara, 5(11), 97-113.

Zulkarnain, I., 2005. Konflik di Kawasan Pertambangan Timah Bangka Belitung: Persoalan dan Alternatif Solusi, Riset Kompetitif Pengembangan Iptek-LIPI, Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i4.2780

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 3 times
PDF - 1 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.