The Effect of Using Snowball Throwing Method and SQ4R Method for Students’ Reading Comprehension Skill at SMA Negeri 1 Kuala Stabat

Dameria Ginting, Sondang Manik, Erika Sinambela, Arsen Nahum Pasaribu

Abstract


The objectives of this research are to identify the effect of the Snowball Throwing Method for students’ reading comprehension skill, to identify the effect of SQ4R Method for the students’ reading comprehension and to find out which method is the more significant between The Snowball Trowing Method and SQ4R Method in teaching reading comprehension. This research is an experimental quantitative research. The sample of this research were taken from grade twelve of SMA Negeri 1 Kuala students.  The data were gathered by using reading text multiple- choice test and were analysed by using t-test. The findings showed Snowball Throwing Method is significantly affecting the students’ reading comprehension skill in reading News Item Text. Since the tobs > ttable  (α= 0,05) df (58), or 9.44 >1.67155 (α =0,05) and SQ4R Method is also significantly affecting the students’ reading comprehension skill in reading recount text. Since the tobs > ttable  (α = 0,05) df (58), or 4.08 >1.67155 (α =0,05). In conclusion, the using of Snowball Throwing Method and SQ4R are significantly affect the students’ reading comprehension skill. And Snowball Throwing Method is the more significanlty effect the students’ reading comprehension skill than SQ4R method  in teaching news item text.


Keywords


effect; news text; reading comprehension; snowball throwing; SQ4R

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alzu’bi, Mohammad. (2020). The Effect of the use of SQ4R Strategy on Freshmen Students’ Reading Comprehension in Al-Balqa Applied University. Jordan Journal of Modern Languages and Literatures, Vol. 12 , No. 4.

Arikunto, Suharsimi. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik (Edisi Revisi VI). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Azhar, A. (2018). Students’ Trends in Islamic Communication Postgraduate in2010-2016 State Islamic University of North Sumatera (UINSU). Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal), P.206-214.

Basar, Murat (2017) The Effect of the SQ4R Technique on the Reading Comprehension of Elementary School 4th Grade Elementary School Students. International Journal of Instruction, Vol. 10, No. 2

Billmeyer, R. and Barton, ML. (1998). Teaching reading in the content areas: If not me, then who? 2nd Edition. Aurora, CO: Mid-continent Regional Educational Laboratory.

Elin, J. Hansen . (2016). Reading Comprehension. Hogskolen: Ostfold.

Gurning, Busmin & Effi A.L. (2017). Strategi Belajar Mengajar. Yogyakarta: Penerbit K-Media.

Hasanah, N. H. & Swondo, A. P. (2020). The Effect of Snowball Throwing Method on Students’ Vocabulary Mastery. MELT Journal, Vol 5, Issue 2, pp. 145-152

Kusumaningrum, Syams. (2020). Snowball Throwing: An English Learning Method to Improve Vocabulary Mastery and Psychomotor Ability. Indonesian Journal on Learning and Advanced Education, Vol. 2 (1) (2020) 10-19.

Lubis, R., et al. (2019). Survival Strategy for Lokan Seekers in Paya Pasir Village, Kec. Marelan, Medan, Indonesia. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). Volume 2, No 1, Page: 293-303.

Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching. New York: Mc Graw Hill.

Nurkhairani, E.G. & Mahdum. (2018). The Effect of Snowball Throwing Method on the Speaking Ability of The Second Year Students of SMPN 1 Kunto Darussalam. JOM FKIP Vol. 5, No. 2

Patel, M. F. & Jain, P. M. (2008). ENGLISH Language Teaching. Jaipur : Sunrise Publisher & Distributors.

Pradiyono. (2007). Pasti Bisa !Teaching Genre Based Writing. Penerbit Andi: Yogyakarta

Richardson, J. & Morgan, R. (1997). Reading to Learn in the Content Areas. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Rojabi, A. R. (2020). Exploiting SQ4R Cooperative Learning Method To Enhance EFL Students’ Reading Comprehension. Jurnal Linguistiks Terapan dan Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Vol 7. No. 1

Saleh, A., Mujahiddin. (2020). Challenges and Opportunities for Community Empowerment Practices in Indonesia during the Covid-19 Pandemic through Strengthening the Role of Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). Volume 3, No 2, Page: 1105-1113

Sari, S. F. T. & Ahmadi, A. (2021). Snowball Throwing Technique and Its Impacts on Students’ Reading Achievement. J-EMAIL (Journal Of English As A Modern and International Language) Vol. 1 No. 1

Slavin, R. E. (2000). Educational psychology: Theory and Practice (6th ed). Needham Heights: Allyn and Bacon

Snow, C. E. (2002). Reading for Understanding: Toward a Research and Development Program in Reading Comprehension. South Hayes Street, Arlington : RAND.

Syahputra, E. (2020). Snowball Throwing Tingkatkan Minat dan Hasil Belajar. Haura Publishing

Thomas, E.L., & Robinson, H.A. (1972). Improving reading in every class: A sourcebook for teachers. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Wahidin, Amalia Yahya . (2020). The Use of Snowball Throwing in Teaching Reading at The Second Year Students of SMPN 8 Palopo. Palopo: Unpublished thesis

Zakiya, Q. (2018).The Effectiveness of Using SQ4R on Students’ Reading Comprehension Ability of Tenth Grade in SMKN 1 Bandung. Bandung: Unpublised Thesis.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i4.3155

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 5 times
PDF - 2 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.