Change of Meaning in Space and Form of Contemporary Karo Architecture

Mohammed Nawawiy Loebis, Imam Faisal Pane, Wahyu Abdillah, Aurora S. Lubis


Karo Plateau is one of the most valuable assets for North Sumatra Province, Indonesian. In addition to fertile soil and producing good quality vegetables and fruit, this plain also has architectural heritage to be proud of. Several villages up to now can be seen and visited which stores various Karo architectural works including some traditional buildings and houses. Change with the times, the movement of people also occurs for various reasons. The development of the city in this province makes the villagers look for livelihood in the city. However, the inheritance of ancestors was still held firmly to the present with a different format. The Karo family currently lives in shophouse and is no longer in a traditional house and they have a business there. The perception of space in traditional houses really carried over in their daily lives. Using qualitative methods, this article explains the interpretation of the different perceptions of Karo people regarding the space and form of their place of residence. However, the essence or meaning that exists in the traditional Karo architecture is still approved until now in a different form and format.


Karo architecture; space meaning; shophouse

Full Text:



Akarowhe K. (2018). Effectsand Remedies to Cultural Shock on the Adolescent Students. Sociology International Journal 2(4): 306‒309. DOI: 10.15406/sij.2018.02.00063

Baper, Salahaddin Yasin. Hassan, Ahmad Sanusi. Mustafa, Faris Ali& Ismail, Susan Tahir(2010) A Theoretical Study on Modern it and Transformation in Architecture. 14th International Plan Ning History Society Conference.

Dr. Geoff Kushnick 2010 Bibliographyof Works onthe Karo Batak of North Sumatra, Indonesia: Missionary Reports, Anthropological Studies, and Other Writingsfrom 1826 to the Present. Department of Anthropology University of Washington, Seattle.

Gurstein, P. (1990). Malaysian Architectural Heritage Survey: A Handbook. Badan Warisan Malaysia.

Harisdani D, (2004), Identitas Fungsi Ruko Kesawan, e-USU: Universitas Sumatera Utara

Hassan, A.S, &CheYahaya, S. R. (2012).Architecture and Heritage Buildings in Georgetown Penang. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Kurokawa, Kisho. (1991). Intercultural Architecture – The Philosophy of Simbiosis, Academic Edition.

Kurokawa, Kisho. (1994) The Philosophy of Symbiosis, Academic Edition. Ernst &Sohn. ISBN: 1-85490-304-7

Laksmi G. Siregar. (2006). Makna Arsitektur: Suatu Refleksi Filosofis. Universitas Indonesia press. ISBN: 979-456-318-8

Loebis, N et al. (2004). Raibnya Para Dewa: Kajian Arsitektur Karo, Medan.

Loebis, M. Nawawiy& Abdillah W. (2004). Arsitektur Mesir Kuno: 5.000 – 30 S.M. Penerbit: Bina Teknik Press.

Michael Schwartz (2005), Introspectionand Transformation in PhilosophyToday. A Feast of Logos: Essays in Commemoration of the Tenth Anniversary of the Georgia Continental Philosophy Circle, eds. Jason Wirth, Michael Schwartz, and David Jones (Georgia PhilosophySeries, Ch1), pp. 3-16.

Muhadjir, Noeng. (1996). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. 3rd Edition. Rake Sarasin. Yogyakarta

Norberg-Schulz C. (1980). Genius Loci: Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture (Rizzoli – University of Michigan) ISBN: 0847802876

Nordiana, Wan et al(2015). An Overview on the Typology of Shophouses’ Faça deat the Heritage Area in Ipoh City. Research Gate. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1937.0962.

Paul N. Lakey 2003 Acculturation: a Review of the Literature, Intercultural Communication Studies XII-2, pp.103-118

Serap Durmus Ozturk. (2012). Change and Transformation in Architecture: On the Concept of Zeitgeist, Research Gate: GBER Vol8 No pp.23-36

Singarimbun, Masri. (1989) Rumah Adat Karo dan Perubahan Sosial. Jurnal Humaniora, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, No 1. ISSN: 2302-9269.

S. Nasution, M.A. Metode Research (Penelitian Ilmiah), (Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara, 2009). P. 23

Sugiyono. (2009). Metoda Penelitian Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif dan R&D (CV. Alfabeta Bandung)

The Accessible Hegelby Michael Allen Fox. Prometheus Books. 2005. p. 43. Alsosee Hegel'spreface to the Phenomenology of Spirit, trans. A. V. Miller (Oxford: ClarendonPress, 1977), secs. 50, 51, pp. 29-30.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 74 times
PDF - 40 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.