Correlation of Fried Snacks Intake with Free Radicals and Obesity in Elementary School Children

Ummi Hidayati, Albiner Siagian, Etti Sudaryati

Abstract


The increase in degenerative disease and obesity is mainly caused by lifestyle, eating pattern, and activities. Obesity can cause death throughout the world. It affected 349 million children and adolescents (5-19 years old) in 2016. The objective of this research was to find out the correlation of fried snacks intake with free radicals, and obesity. The research used quantitative method with cross sectional design. The samples were 56 students of elementary school, taken by using purposive sampling technique. The result of the research showed that 50 students (84.7%) had normal free radicals in their bodies and 9 students (15.3%) had high free radicals. There were 11 students (18.6%) who were obese and 48 students (81.4%) were not. The result of pearson correlation test showed that there was significant correlation of the number of energy, carbohydrates, fat contribution in fried snacks with free radical content (MDA analysis) at respective p-value of 0.004, 0.005, and 0.026. The result of correlation test showed that there was the correlation between fat nutrient intake in fried snacks and obesity (p=0.012). Reducing consuming fried snacks is one of the ways to decrease the effect of free radicals in school children’s bodies.


Keywords


fried snack; free radical; Malondialdehyde; antioxidant

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chalid, Yadial, Sri., Muawanah, Anna., Jubaedah, Ida., 2008. Analisa Radikal Bebas Pada Minyak Goreng Pedagang Kaki Lima (Analysis of Free Radicals on Street Food Cooking Oil). Jurnal Valensi Volume 1 No 2, May, 2008

Djatmiko, Erni. 2000. Proses Penggorengan dan Pengaruh Terhadap Sifat Fisika Kimia Minyak dan Lemak (Frying Process and Effects on the Physical Properties of Chemical Oil and Fat) . unpublicized. Agricultural Industry Department, the Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB

Depkes RI. 2003, Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 942/Menkes/SK/VII/2003/ Tentang Pedoman Persyaratan Hygiene Sanitasi Makanan Jajanan. Jakarta

Fariya, AK. Dias, Bina F. 2018. Study of oxidative stress biomarkers in Obese Children. International Journal of Reseach in Medical Science 2018 Oct, 6 (10): 3335 – 3339. Departement of Biochemistry, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal College, Sion, Mumbai, Maharastra. India

Halliwell B and Gutteridge JMG. 1999. Free Radical in Biology Medicine: Oxford University Press. Ed. 3.

Irawan, Rico. 2013. Hubungan Obesitas Terhadap Kadar Malondealdehid (MDA) Plasma Pada Mahasiswa Program Study Pendidikan Dokter Uin Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta (Relationship of Obesity to Plasma Levels of Malondealdehyde (MDA) in Uin Syarif Hidayatullah Medical Education Study Program Students Jakarta). Thesis. UIN Jakarta

Janero DR. 1990. Malondialdehyde ant thiobarbituric acid-reactivity as diagnostic indexes of lipid-peroxidative tissue-injury Free Radic.Biol.Med.9 : ACTA UNIVERSITATIS UPSALIESIS UPPSALA

Khairunnisa, Nova. 2016. Hubungan Kebiasaan Merokok, Aktifitas Fisik, Konsumsi Gula, Dan Status Gizi dengan Kadar Malondialdehide (MDA) dan Glukosa Darah Pada Orang Dewasa (Relationship between Smoking Habits, Physical Activity, Sugar Consumption, and Nutritional Status with Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Blood Glucose Levels in Adults). Thesis. Graduate School, IPB. Bogor

Kemenkes, 2013. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013.Available from: https://tirto.id/penyakit-kardiovaskular-pembunuh-nomor-satu-ckvS, accessed on Oct. 30, 2017

Makaryani, Inti: Amaliya, Leli; Novi, R.R ; Karina. I.P; Desy. D.A. 2014. Pengaruh Pemberian Pangan Antioksidan Terhadap Kadar Malondialdehid Plasma Mahasiswa Penyuka Gorengan (The Effect of Antioxidant Feeding on Malondialdehyde Plasma Levels on Fried Enthusiasts). Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vo. 10 No. 4 April, 2014. Public Nutrition Department, the Faculty Human Ecology, IPB. Bogor

Nirmitha D, Suresh DR. Significance of hs-CRP and

Oxidative Stress as Early Novel Markers of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Young Healthy Obese Males. J Biomed Sci and Res. 2010; 2(3):143-50.

Rachmi.C.N; Li. M; Baur, A.L. 2017. Overweight ang Obesity in Indonesia : Prevalence and risk factors_ a literature review. Public Health Journal, 147 (2017) 20 – 29. www.elsevier.com/puhe

Paramesa S, Vijay R, Bekalc M, Kumari S, Pushpalathab KC. 2011. A Study on Lipid Peroxidation and Total Antioxidant Status in Diabetes with and without hypertension. Res. J Pharmaceutics Biological Chemical Sci. 2:32

Prihantini S, Jahari AB. 2007. Risk Factors of Obesity in School Children Age 6 – 18 Years in DKI Jakarta. Peneliti Gizi dan Makanan (2007); 30 (1): 32 – 24

Sanjur, D. dan Radriquez, M. 1997. Assesing Food Consumption-Selected Issues in Data Collection And Analysis. Cornell University

Sabitha K, Venugopal B, Rafi MD, Ramana KV. Role ofAntioxidant Enzymes in Glucose and Lipid Metabolism in Association with Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2014; 2(1):21-

Taylor, AG and Vincent HK. 2006. Biomarker and Potential Mechanisms of Obesity – induced Oxidant Stress in Humans. USA: International Journal of Obesity: London. 30 (3): 400

Weitner, Tin ;Inic Z; Jablan, J; Mario, Gabricevic; Ana-Marija, Domijan.2016. Spectrophotometric Determination of Malondealdehyde in Urine Suitable for Epidemiological Studies. JurnalCroat. Chem Acta 2016, 89 (1), 133-139. Faculty of Pharmacy and Biomedichemistry, University of Zagreb, Antekovacica 1.10000 Zagreb. Croatia

Werdhasari, Asri. 2014. Peran Antioksidan Bagi Kesehatan (The Role of Antioxidants for Health). Jakarta. Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia . Vol.3.2.2014: 59-68

WHO. 2016. Obesity and Overweight.www.who.int.diakses July 30, 2018

Wibowo, Tommy. 2013. Gambaran Kadar Malondialdehid dalam Urin Perokok dan Bukan Perokok pada Mahasiswa FKIK UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta pada Tahun 2013 (Overview of Malondialdehyde Levels in Smoker and Non-Smoker Urine in FKIK Students of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University in Jakarta in 2013). Thesis. The Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, UIN Jakarta




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birex.v2i1.698

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.