A Study of Wuthering Heights from the Perspective of Eco-Criticism

Fatemeh Sadat Basirizadeh, Mahnaz Soqandi, Narges Raoufzadeh, Narges Zarei, Abdurahman Adisaputera


This research paper attempts to explore the novel, Wuthering Heights, through the lens of Eco criticism and it explores the relationship between human    and nature in the novel. Literature can be perceived as an aesthetically and culturally constructed part of the environment, since it directly addresses the questions of human constructions, such as meaning, value, language, and imagination, which can, then, be linked to the problem of ecological consciousness that humans need to attain.Consciousness raising in environmental thinking, and the ethical and aesthetic dilemmas posed by the global ecological crisis. The task of ecocriticism, is to express a conceptual foundation for the study of interconnections between literature and the environment. Through An Eco criticism viewpoint the researcher would like to discuss about the emotional and physical of characters   Get along nature as essential for building development-based novel of ecological self.


body and mind; ecological self; Emily Brontë; nature; ecocricism

Full Text:



Abram, David. Becoming Animal: An Earthly Cosmology. New York: Pantheon Books, 2010.

Alaimo, Stacy. ‘Trans-corporeal Feminisms and the Ethical Space of Nature.’ Material Feminisms. Eds. Stacy Alaimo and

Bronte, E. (2010). Wuthering Heights. Beijing: China Press Group.

Barry, Peter. Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. 3rd ed. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009

Basirizadeh, Fatemeh. (2019). A Comparative Study of the Psychoanalytical Portrayal of the Women Charactersby Virginia Woolf and Zoya Pirzad. Britain International of Humanatis and Social Sciences Journal, 1-8.

Gaard, Greta. ‘New Directions for Ecofeminism: Toward a More Feminist Ecocriticism.’ Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 17.4 (2010): 643–665.

Garrard, Greg. Ecocriticism. 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 2012.

Halsey, Mark. (2006). Deleuze and Environmental Damage: Violence of the Text. Aldershot: Ashgate

Huang, Y. J. (2014). Emily Bronte’s Ecological Wisdom. Journal of Jiamusi Educational College, 1, 110-111.

Mohammad Hossein,SH. Raoufzadeh,N. Basirizadeh, F. (2020). “Rethinking Language in Irigaray’s Mimesis Applied in David Mamet’s Oleanna” Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Volume 3, No 3, August 2020, Page: 2357-2362 www.bircu-journal.com/index.php/birci.

Plumwood, Val. Feminism and the Mastery of Nature. London: Routledge, 1993.

Lu, S. Y. (2000). Ecological Literature. Xian: Shanxi People Education Press.

Tang, X. L. (2008). Literature Review of Wuthering Heights. Journal of Langfang Teachers College, 6, 35-37.

Yang, J. Y. (1983). Study on Bronte Sisters. Beijing: Chinese Social Science Press.

Zhou, C. H. (2013). An Analysis of Wuthering Heights and Tess of the Durbervilles from the Perspective of Eco-Feminism. Overseas English, 3, 211-217.

Susan Hekman. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008. 237–264.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i4.1297

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i4.1297.g1759

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 102 times
PDF - 31 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.