Effects of Fermentated Feed and Probiotic + Acidifier Supplements on Glucose Levels and Abdomen Chicken Fat Broiler

Askura Nikmah, Fita Ridhana, Ilma Fitri, Hikmah Hikmah

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding probiotic acidifier on the condition of the digestive tract, glucose levels and abdominal fat in broiler chickens. This research conducted in Takengon, Central Aceh District. The parameters observed were the condition of the digestive tract, blood glucose levels and the percentage of abdominal fat. The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results showed the use of a 1: 1 mixture of probiotics and acidifier to level 0. The 3% added to the commercial ration which was substituted with 10% fermented feed ingredients (R-KFPA) had no significant effect (P <0.05) on weight and percentage of Gizzard, Gizzard pH and Intestine pH, Intestinal Length, Weight and Percent of Abdominal Fat, as well as blood glucose levels in broiler chickens. Although statistically not significantly different, giving a mixture of probiotics and acidifier at the level of 0.3% (R4) showed a positive effect on decreasing the percentage of abdominal fat from 1.52% (R1) to 1.35% (R4). The blood glucose obtained in this study was slightly higher than normal blood glucose levels in chickens as reported by Swenson weight and percentage of abdominal fat, as well as blood glucose levels of broiler chickens. Although statistically not significantly different, giving a mixture of probiotics and acidifier at the level of 0.3% (R4) showed a positive effect on decreasing the percentage of abdominal fat from 1.52% (R1) to 1.35% (R4). The blood glucose obtained in this study was slightly higher than normal blood glucose levels in chickens as reported by Swenson weight and percentage of abdominal fat, as well as blood glucose levels of broiler chickens. Although statistically not significantly different, giving a mixture of probiotics and acidifier at the level of 0.3% (R4) showed a positive effect on decreasing the percentage of abdominal fat from 1.52% (R1) to 1.35% (R4). The blood glucose obtained in this study was slightly higher than normal blood glucose levels in chickens as reported by Swenson (1993), which ranges from 13 to 27 ml / dl or 130 to 270 mg / dl. It is suspected that this is due to increased digestive activity in chickens so that more nutrients are absorbed.


Keywords


probiotic acidifier; fermented feed; blood glucose; abdominal fat; broiler chickens

Full Text:

PDF

References


Swenson, M. S. 1993. Physilogical property and chemical constituen of blood, in Dukes Physology of Domestic Animal. 9th Ed. Comstock Publising Asociates A Division of Corneil University Press. London.

Hyden, M. 2000. Protected acid additives. Feed International. July.

Lückstädt, C., N. Senöylü, H.Akyürek and A. Aĝma. 2004. Acidifier - a modern alternative for antibiotic free feeding in livestock production, with special focus on broiler production. Veterinarija Ir Zootechnika.T.27 (49).

Steel, R.G.D and J.H. Torrie. 1993. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biomedical Approach. 3rd Ed. Mc Graw Hill. Kogasukha Ltd., Tokyo.

Brake, J., G. B. Havenstein, S. E. Schidelet, P. R. Ferket, and D. V. River. 1993. Relationship of sex, age and body weight to broiler carcass yield and offal production. Poultry Sci. 70: 680-688.

Putnam, P. A. 1991. Handbook of Animal Science. Academy Prees, San Diego.

Purwadaria, T., A.P. Sinurat, T. Haryati, I. Sutikno, Supriyati dan J. Darma. 1998. Korelasi antara aktivitas enzim mananase dan selulase terhadap kadar serat lumpur sawit hasil fermentasi dengan aspergillus niger. JITV 3(4): 230-236.

Pasaribu, T., A.P. Sinurat, T. Purwadaria, Supriyati dan H. Hamid. 1998. Peningkatan nilai gizi lumpur sawit melalui proses fermentasi : Pengaruh jenis kapang, suhu dan lama proses enzimatis. JITV 6(4): 233 – 238.

Lindberg, R.A., W.G. Rhodes, L.D. Eirich and H. Drucker. 1982. Exracelluler acid proteases from neurospora crassa. Journal of Bacteriology 150: 1103-1108.

Suthama, N. dan S.M. Ardiningsasi. 2006. Perkembangan fungsi fisiologis saluran pencernaan ayam kedu periode starter. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan 9 (2): 8-20.

Sarwono, S. R., T. Yudiarti, dan E. Suprijatna. 2012. Pengaruh Pemberian Probiotik Terhadap Trigliserida Darah, Lemak Abdominal, Bobot dan Panjang Saluran Pencernaan Ayam Kampung . Animal Agriculture Journal Vol.1 (2):157-167.

Natsir, M.H, O. Sjofjan, A. Manab dan K.U. Al Awwaly. 2006. Rekayasa Produksi dan Pemanfaatan Acidifier Sebagai Aditif Pakan Unggas Melalui Teknologi Proteksi Enkapsulasi. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Hibah Bersaing XIII Perguruan Tinggi. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Sandi, S., R. Palupi, dan Amyesti. 2012. Pengaruh penambahan ampas tahu dan dedak fermentasi terhadap karkas, usus dan lemak abdomen ayam broiler. Agrinak. Vol. 02 (1):1-5.

Leeson, S. and J. D. Summers. 1980. Production and carcass characteristics of the broiler chickens. Poultry Sci. 59 : 786 – 798.

Becker, W. A., J. V. Spencer, L. W. Mirish and J. A. Verstrate. 1981. Abdominal and carcass fat in five body strain. Poultry Sci. 60: 693-697.

Ihsan, F.N. 2006. Persentase Bobot Karkas, Lemak Abdomen dan Organ Dalam Ayam Broiler dengan Pemberian Silase Ransum Komersial. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Tillman, A.D., H. Hartadi, S. Reksohadiprodjo, S. Prawirokusumo dan S. Lebdosoekojo. 1998. Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Cet. Ke-5. Gajah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Sanz, S. M., A. Flores, C. J. Lopes-Bate and J.M. Carmona. 2000. Effect of the inclusion time of dietary satuted and unsaturated fat before slaughter on the accumulation and composition of abdominal fat in female broiler chiken. Puoltry Sci. 79: 1320-1325.

Resnawati H. 2004. Bobot potongan karkas dan lemak abdomen ayam ras pedaging yang diberi ransum mengandung tepung cacing tanah (Lumbricus rubellus). Di dalam: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner; Bogor, 17-18 Sep 2004. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan. 2004. hlm 563–567.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birex.v3i2.1871

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 17 times
PDF - 7 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.