The Effectiveness of Mimosa Extract, Garlic, and Galangal Against White Rust Disease (Puccinia Horiana Henn.) in the Nursery Plants of Chryns (Chrysanthemum SP.)

Bernadeth V. Montong, Max M. Ratulangi, Sandra O. K. Kalrengsang

Abstract


Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum sp.) is an ornamental plant that produces flowers that have high economic value. Chrysanthemum flowers have the potential to be developed because they are in great demand by the public in terms of beautiful shapes and colors. One of the important stages in chrysanthemum cultivation is seeding. The main problem in chrysanthemum farming is the attack of white rust caused by a fungus (P. horiana) starting from seedling to harvesting. The use of plant extracts as alternative pesticides has many advantages and benefits. Plants that have the potential to be used as botanical pesticides include mimosa, garlic and galangal. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of giving the mimosa, garlic and galangal extracts in chrysanthemum plant nurseries to suppress white rust disease caused by the fungus P. horiana. This research was carried out using an experimental design, namely a completely randomized design (CRD) which consisted of 4 (four) treatments and 4 replications, namely K (control), P1 (20% mimosa extract), P2 (20% garlic extract), and P3 (20% galangal extract). Based on the results of observations of the symptoms of white rust (P. horiana) the upper surface of the leaves at first in the form of yellow spots which gradually changed color to dark brown, then on the lower surface of the leaves can be seen the presence of pustules that are pink, and long Over time the pustules will get bigger and then turn white. The highest percentage of attacks was in control (K), 10.08%; the garlic extract treatment at 20% (P2) at 4.27%, then followed by the 20% galangal extract treatment (P3) at 3.33%, and the mimosa extract treatment 20% (P1) 0.96%. The results showed that the use of extracts of Putri malu, garlic and galangal was able to suppress white rust disease (P. horiana) in chrysanthemum plant nurseries, with the best treatment in suppressing white rust disease (P. horiana) which was mimosa extract 20% (P1 ) with attack percentage: 0.96%, followed by galangal extract (P3): 3.33% and garlic extract (P2): 4.27%. In accordance with the results of the research that has been carried out, it is necessary to carry out further research on the use of Mimosa Extract, Garlic and Galangal against white rust (P. horiana) in chrysanthemum plant nurseries with higher concentrations and in other varieties of chrysanthemum seedlings.

Keywords


effectiveness, extract, mimosa, garlic, galangal, chryns, white rust disease

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abirami S. K. G., 2014. "The antimicrobial activity of mimosa pudica". International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research, 2(1), 105- 108. https://www.s em anticscholar.org/paper/ANTIMICROBIAL-ACTIVITY-OF-MIMOSA-PUDICA-THORNS-Lakshmibai-Amirtham/d122cf87868ace86dcb59559c16535d2c608520

Al-Snafi A. E., 2014. The Pharmacological Activities of Alpinia Galangal: A review, International Journal for Pharmaceutical Research Scholars. Vol 3, 1-1. https:// www.ijprs.com/article/the-pharmacolog ical-activities-of-alpinia-galangal-a-revi ew/.

Anonim. 2018. Produksi Krisan Tahun 2016 sampai 2018. https://sulut.bps.go.id/.

Anonim. 2018. Standart Oprasional Prosedur Krisan Lokal Tomohon Riri dan Kulo.

Arianti N., 2014. Efek Hepatoprotektor Ekstrak Herba Putri Malu (Mimosa pudica L.) Terhadap Kadar Aminotransferase Dan Alkali Fosfatase Tikus Putih Jantan (Rattus novergicus). https://d1wqt xts1x zle7.cloudfront.net/55191562/KTI_NO V ITA_ARIANTI_FIX-with-cover-pagev2. pdf ?Expires=1635386377&Signatu re=

Arisandi Y. dan Y. Adriani. 2008. Khasiat Tanaman Obat. Jakarta : Pustaka Buku Murah. https://www.bukukita.com/ Kese hatan-dan-Lingkungan/Ramuan-Tradisi onal/63480-Ragam-&-Khasiat-Tanama n-Obat.html.

Andiani Y., 2013. Budidaya Bunga Krisan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Baru Press. http://repo.unikadelasalle.ac.id/index.ph p?p=show_detail&id=9423&keywords=.

Apriyanti R., 2010. Cahaya Pendongkrak Produksi: Majalah Pertanian https :// www .trubus-online.co.id/.

Dalimartha S., 2008. 1001 Resep Herbal. Penebar Swadaya: Jakarta. Hal 56-57. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=id&l

r=&id=fjIv_XCJVCEC&oi=fnd&pg=PA5&dq=Dalimartha+S.+2008.+1001+Resep +Herbal.+Penebar+Swadaya+:+Jakarta.+Hal+5657&ots=FKop28kHzI&sig=30C9xLH-AE1PCl68rlbI5qXmAw&rediresc =y # v=onepage&q&f=false.

Daniel E. H., 2016. Inventarisasi Jamur Penyebab Penyakit pada Tanaman Krisan (Chrysanthemum sp.) diKeca matan Berastagi. https://www.neliti.com /publicationnnnnns/98784/inventor isasi-jamur-penyebab-penyakit-pada-tanama n –krisan -chrysanthenum-morifoli.

Djatnika I., B. Marwoto dan H. Hanudin. 2015. Penyakit Karat pada Krisan dan Pengendalian Ramah Lingkungan dal am Era Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN 2015. Pengembangan Inovasi Pertania n, 8(1), 30893. Http://ejurnal.litbang .per tanian.go.id/index.php/pip/article/viewFil e/2373/20566 maret 2021.

Ellis D., 2007. New pest concern in New England. Chrysanthemum white rust. Integrated Pest Management, Univ. Connecticut. http://www. hort. uconn. edu/Ipm/general/biocontrl/chryswhiterus t. htm.[17 Mei 2010].

Giofanny W., J. Prasetyo dan E. Efri. 2014. Pengaruh Beberapa Ekstrak Tanaman Terhadap Penyakit Bulai Pada Jagung Manis (Zea Mays Saccharata). Jurnal Agrotek Tropika, 2(3). https://me dia. ne liti.com/media/publications/233098-peng aruh-beberapa-ekstrak-tanaman-terhad-74a18da5.pdf 10 Maret 2021.

Hanudin H. dan B. Marwoto. 2012. Penyakit Karat Putih pada Krisan dan Upaya Pengendaliannya. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 31(2), 30907. http://repository.pertanian.go.id/bitstream/ handle/123456789/1172/PENYAKITKARATPUTIHPADAKRISANDANUPAYAPENGENDALIANNYA.pdf 6 Maret 2021.

Kulsum S. H., 2014. Aktivitas Antifungi Ekstrak Bawang Putih Dan Black Garlic Varietas Lumbu Hijau Dengan Metode Ekstraksi Yang Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan Candida albicans (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta). http://eprints.ums.ac.id/30123/17 /NAS KAH_ PU BLIKASI.pdfS

Litani A. D., 2013. Taman Budidaya Krisan Di Yogyakarta (Doctoral dissertation, UAJY).http://e-journal.uajy.ac.id/4405/3/2TA13239.pdf.

MacDonald L., 2001. Chrysanthemum White Rust. Pest Management. Gov. British Columbia. http://www.Ldaf.state.la.us/ w p-content/uploads/2014/08/Chrysanthe mum -White-Rust-Profile.pdf.

Moulia M.N., 2018. Antimikroba Ekstrak Bawang Putih. Jurnal Pangan, 27(1), 55- 66 http://www.jurnalpangan.Com /index. php/pangan/article/view/399

Mycek M. J., Harvey R. A., Champe P. C., Fisher B. D., 2001. Farmakologi Ulasan Bergambar: Obat-obat Antijamur. Edisi 2. Jakarta: Widya Medika. pp. 341-7. Http:// primurlib.net/show_detail/68311/farmakol ogi-ulasan-bergambar-edisi-2.

Novitasari D., 2014. Pengamatan Hama Dan Penyakit Penting Pada Tanaman Krisan (Chrysanthemum Spp.) Di Agro Alam Asli Farm, Kecamatan Cisarua, K abupaten Bogor. https://repository.ipb.ac.id/bitstream/handle/123456789 /715 45/A14dno.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed =y.

Obongoya B. O., S. O. Wagai dan G. Odhiambo. 2010. Phytotoxic effect of selected crude plant extracts on soil-borne fungi of common bean. African crop science Journal, 18(1). https://ww w.ajol.info/index.php/acsj/article/view/54 189.

Opod G. L., A. B. Herny dan R. W. Tairas. 2021. Insidensi Penyakit Karat Putih (Puccinia horiana) Pada Tanaman Kri san (Chrysanthemum spp.) Di Kelura han Kakaskasen Ii, Kota Tomohon. In COCOS (Vol.

Pajan S. A., 2016. Potensi antibakteri air perasan bawang putih (Allium sativum L.) terhadap pertumbuhan Staphylococc us aureus. Pharmacon, 5(4). https:// ej ournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/pharmaco n/article/view/13977.

Pangemanan L., G. Kapantow dan M. Watung. 2011. Analisis Pendapatan Usahatani Bunga Potong (Studi Kasus Petani Bunga Krisan Putih di Kelurahan Kakaskasen Dua Kecamatan Tomohon Utara Kota Tomohon). Agri-Sosioe konomi, 7(2), 5-14. https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jisep/article/view/86 9 Maret 2021.

Pangestika V., K. Karno dan B. A. Kristanto. 2017. Pertumbuhan Stek Pucuk Pada Tiga Varietas Krisan (Chrysanthemum morifolium) Dengan Pemberian Dosis Indole-3 Butyric Acid (Iba) Yang Berbe da (Doctoral Dissertation, Fakultas Pete rnakan Dan Pertanian). http://eprints.undip.ac.id/ .

Parhusip A. J., E. F. Romasi dan R. D. Saputra. 2012. Potensi Aktivitas Antim ikroba Ekstrak Putri Malu (Mimosa Pudica L.) Terhadap Mikroba Patogen Pangan. https://r.search.yahoo.com/ fre pository.ipb.ac.id

Prasetyo K. R. D., 2016. Uji Beda Daya Hambat Antara Ekstrak Rimpang Lengkuas Merah (Alphinia purpurata K. Schum) dengan Ekstrak Rimpang Lengkuas Putih (Alphinia galanga W.) Terhadap Candida albicans. https://rep ository.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/73 462.

Purwono J., S. Sugyaningsih dan N. Fajriah. 2014. Analisis Tataniaga Bunga Krisan di Kecamatan Cugenang Kabupaten Cianjur. Neo-Bis, 8(2), 132-146. https:// journal.trunojoyo.ac.id/neobis/article/vie w/469.

Rahayu L. W. T., 2016. Macam Media Dan Sistem Irigasi Untuk Pengakaran Stek Pucuk Krisan Standar (Chrysanthemum morifolium). https://journal.uniba.ac. id/ index.php/AGR/article/view/77.

Ranjan R. K., M. S. Kumar, I. Seethalakshmi dan M. R. K. Rao. 2013. Phytochemical analysis of leaves and roots of Mimosa pudica collected from Kalingavaram, Tamil Nadu. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 5(5), 53-55. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mudiganti-Ram-Krishna-Rao/publication/286493450_Phytochemical_analysis_of_leaves_and_roots_of_mimosa_pudicacollected_from_Kalingavaram_Tamil_Nadu/links/56778f9c08ae0ad265c5ef74/Phytoch emical-analysis-of-leaves-and-roots-of-mi mosa-pudica-collected-from-Kalingavara m-Tamil-Nadu.pdf.

Salni S., Aminasih N. dan Sriviona R., (2013). Isolasi Senyawa Antijamur Dari Rimpang Lengkuas Putih (Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd) Dan Penentuan Konsentrasi Hambat Minimum Terhadap Candida albicans. Prosiding Semirata 2013, 1(1). https://jurnal.fmipa.unila.ac.id/semirata/art icle/view/623.

Semangun H., W. Radityo, L. Nurcholis, M. Martosupono dan D. Murdono. 2010. Penyakit Karat Putih Krisan Di Sekitar Bandungan, Ambarawa= Chrysanthemum White Rust In The Surrounding Of Bandungan, Ambarawa. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia (Indonesian, Journal of Plant Protection), 16(2010). http://i-lib.ugm.ac.id/jurnal/detail.php?dataId=124926 Maret

Semangun H., 2007. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanaman Hortikultura di Indonesia. Ed. II, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogya karta. https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/ search.do?recordID=US201300692808.

Septianing R. E., 2017. Ekstrak Putri Malu (Mimosa Pudica L.) Sebagai Fungisida Nabati pada Antraknosa Cabai yang disebabkan Jamur Colletotrichum Sp. Secara In Vitro (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhamadiyah Jember) http:// repository.unmuhjember.ac.id/id/eprint/16 15.

Setiawati W., R. Murtiningsih, N. Gunaeni dan T. Rubiati. 2008. Tumbuhan Bahan Pe stisida Nabati dan Cara Pembuatann ya untuk Pengendalian Organisme Peng ganggu Tumbuhan (OPT). Prima Tani Balitsa. http://repository.pertanian.go.Id /handle/123456789/8741.

Sianturi J. V., 2017. Potensi Ekstrak Bawang Putih (Allium sativum) Sebagai Fungisida Alami Pada Jamur Botryodiplodia theobro mae Penyakit Tanaman Jeruk (Doctoral dissertation, FKIP Unpas). http://reposito ry.unpas.ac.id/29769/.

Sinaga E. dan D. F. Noverita. 2009. Daya antibakteri jamur endofit yang diisolasi dari daun dan rimpang lengkuas (Alpinia galanga Sw.). Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia, 4(4), 161-170. https://www.research gat e.net/profile/ErnawatiSinaga2/publication/235990248_Daya_antibakteri_jamur_endofit_yang_diisolasi_dari_daun_danrimpang_lengkuas_Alpinia_galanga_Sw/links/0deec515452c32c5a4000000/Dayaantibakteri-jamur-endofit-yang-diisolasi-dari-daun-dan-rimpang-len gkuas-Alpinia-galanga-Sw.pdf.

Sinaga E., 2003. Alpinia galangal [L.] Willd. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tumbuhan Obat UNAS. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289638099_UjiKeefektifan_Antijamur_Ekstrak_Air_Rimpang_Lengkuas_Alpinia_galangaL_Willd_sebagai_Perlakuan_Pratanam_untuk_Me ngendalikan_Colletotrichum_spp_pada_K edelai_Glycine_max_L/link/5690c87608a ec14fa558b172/download.

Sitepu I. S. B., I. K. Suada dan I. G. K. Susra ma. 2012. Uji Aktivitas Antimikroba Beberapa Ekstrak Bumbu Dapur terh adap Pertumbuhan Jamur Curvularia lunata (Wakk.) Boed. dan Aspergillus flavus LINK. https://ocs.unud.ac.id /inde x.php/JAT/article/view/2179. 9 Maret

Subagiya. 2013. Kajian Efektifitas Pengen dalian Hama Padi Secara Alami dengan Semut Predator yang Bersarang di Tan ah (Solenopsis geminata (F)). Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. 8 hal. https://www.researchgate.net/ prof ile/Ernawati-Sinaga-2/publication/235990248_Daya_antibakteri_jamur_endofit_yang_diisolasi_dari_daun_danrimpang_lengkuas_Alpinia_galanga_Sw/links/ 0deec515452c32c5a4000000/Daya-ant Ibakteri-jamur-endofit-yang-diisolasi-dari-daun-dan-rimpang-lengkuas-Alpinia-galanga-Sw.pdf

Sudarmo S. dan S. Mulyaningsih. 2014. Mudah Membuat Pestisida Nabati Am puh. AgroMedia. https://books. Google .com/books?hl=id&lr=&id=aLnMBgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Suda rmo, +S.,+%26+Mulyaningsih,+S.+2014.+Mudah+Membuat+Pestisida+Nabati+Ampuh.+AgroMedia.&ots=Tbxe7-UgbQ&sig =Zjko0HQEh8K0joWywjJ6gmZw8X8.

Suhardi S., 2009. Sumber Inokulum, Respons Varietas, Dan Efektivitas Fungisida Ter hadap Penyakit Karat Putih Pada Tana man Krisan. Jurnal Hortikultura, 19( 2 ), 85014. https://www.neliti.com /publicat ionns/85014/sumber-inokulum-respons-varietas-dan-efektivitas-fungisida-terha dap-penyakit-kar.

Supriyono. 2016. Potensi Ekstrak Bawang Putih Sebagai Fungisida Nabati Terhad ap Jamur Sclerotium rolfsii SACC. https ://repository.uksw.edu/bitstream/123456789/8653/2/PROS_Supriyono_Potensi %20Ekstrak%20Bawang_fulltext.pdf 9 Maret 2021.

Susiana R. dan C. Saparinto. 2016. Grow your own medical plant – panduan praktis menanam 51 tanaman obat populer di pekarangan. Edisi 1.Yogyakarta: Lily Publisher. Halaman 34 – 38. https:// re search.yaoo.com/_ylt=Awr9ImquAnphrBQAbShXNyoA;_ylu=Y29sbwNncTEEcG9zAzEEdnRpZAMEc2VjA3Ny/RV=

Syarifah N. R. K., 2020. Pemanfaatan Gulma Mimosa Invisa Sebagai Pengen dali Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman http://www.jurnal.unikal.ac.id/index.php/biofarm/article/viewFile/1207/897 8 Maret 2021.

Szakuta G. dan J. Butrymowicz. 2004. Diagnostic protocols regulated pests. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO ). Agricu ltural Research Center (ARC), Dept. of Crop Protection, Merelbeke, Belgium. EPPO Bull, 34, 155-157. https://www. Ippc.int/static/media/files/publication /en /2016/01/ISPM_27_2006_WithoutApp2_ En_2015-12-22_PostCPM10_InkAmRe formatted.pdf.

Tamilarasi T. dan T. Ananthi. 2012. Phytochemical Analysis and Anti Microbial of Mimosa pudica Linn. INDIA: Department of Biochemistry, S.T.E.T womens College, Vol. 2, 72 - 74. http://isca.me/ r jcs/Archives/v2/i2/10.pdf.

Taurina W. dan M. Andrie. 2013. Formulasi Gel Ekstrak Lengkuas (Alpinia Galanga L.) Sebagai Antijamur Dengan Basis Hidroksi Propil Metil Selulosa dan Carbopol, Skripsi, Universitas Tanjung pura, Pontianak. https://journal .ugm.ac.id/TradMedJ/article/view/8218.

Yuharmen Y. E. dan Nurbalatif. 2002. Uji Aktifasi Anti Mikroba Minyak Atsiri Dan Ekstrak Methanol Lengkuas (Alphinia galanga). Jurusan Kimia. Jurusan Mate matika Dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Ala m. Universitas Riau. http://jurnal. kimia.fmip a.unmul.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/vie w/26.

Yulia E., 2006. Aktivitas anti jamur minyak esensial dan ekstrak beberapa tanaman keluarga zingiberaceae dan poaceae terhadap jamur Pestalotiopsis versicolor penyebab penyakit hawar daun pada tanaman kayu manis (Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Jurnal Agrikultura, 17(3), 224-231.

Yulia E., Suganda T., Widiantini F. dan Prasetyo R. I. 2015. Uji keefektifan antijamur ekstrak air rimpang lengkuas (Alpinia galanga [L] willd.) sebagai perlakuan Pratunam untuk mengendalikan Colletotrichum spp. pada kedelai (Glycine maxL.). Agrikultura, 26(2).unja.ac.id/4053/. http://journal.unpad.ac.id/agriculture/article/download/8468/39357=Maret2021.

Zulkarnain Z., 2009. Dasar-dasar hortikultura. PT Bumi Aksara. https://repository.unja.ac.id/4053/.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birex.v6i2.7868

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
 

 

Statcounter for Budapest International Research in Exact Sciences (BirEx Journal)