Cultural Practices and Academic Performance of Blaan Pupils in Sinapulan Elementary School

Mark Steve Alentajan Francisco, Dolorcita Ebona Pauya, Cristobal Millenes Ambayon


This study generally aimed to determine the level of cultural practices and academic performance of the Blaan pupils in Sinapulan Elementary School, Sinapulan, Columbio, Sultan Kudarat. Moreover, it was intended to find out which of these practices are still prevalent. The study employed the descriptive method of research. The researchers utilized a self-formulated survey questionnaire which was validated and approved by a panel of experts. The same underwent tests of validity and reliability. The statistical tools utilized in the study were mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA and correlation. Majority of the respondents were males, whose parents were elementary graduates. The extent of cultural practices as perceived by Blaan pupils was Highly Evident. Their level of academic performance was Satisfactory. There was a significant relationship between the pupils’ extent of cultural practices and their academic performance. There were no significant differences in their academic performances as to gender, age, parents’ educational attainment and monthly family income.


cultural practices; academic performance; indigenous communities; ethnic identities; Blaan culture

Full Text:



Aramay, R., Corrales, M. M., Dela Rosa, I., Pepito, T. Z., & Felizardo, M.A. (2014). Psychological Factors Affecting the Learners Academic Performance of Intermediate Students in Amungan Elementary School, S.Y. 2013-2014. Ramon Magsaysay Technological College. Iba, Zambales.

Basañez, M. E. (2016). A World of Three Culture, Honor, Achievement and Joy. Oxford University Press. Stanford California, U.S.A.

Belfi, B., Goos, M., & Pinxten, M. (2014). Inequality in Language Achievement Growth? An Investigation into the Impact of Pupils Socio-Ethnic Background and School Socio-Ethnic Composition.

Biglan, A. (1995). Changing cultural practices: A contextualist framework for intervention research. Context Press.

Brett, J. M. & Gelfand, M. J. (2005). The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture. Stanford University Press. Stanford, California, U.S.A.

Cagoco-Guiam, R. (2003). The Impact of Early Marriage Practices: A study of two Indigenous Communities in South-Central Mindanao (T’boli and Blaan) from a human and child rights perspective. Mindanao State University, General Santos City, Philippines.

Coomaraswamy, R. (2002). Integration of the human rights of women and the gender perspective. Violence against women. Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women its causes and consequences submitted in accordance with Commission on Human Rights resolution 2001/49. Cultural practices in the family that are violent towards women.

Dorkor, A. (2013). Cultural Practices and Education in Ghana: The Effects of Traditional Culture on Parental Involvement in Education

Espiritu, B. F. (2017). The Lumad Struggle for Social and Environmental Justice: Alternative media in a socio-environmental movement in the Philippines. Journal of Alternative and Community Media, 2, 45-59.

George, P. & Aronson, R. (2003). How Do Educators’ Cultural Belief Systems Affect Underserved Students’ Pursuit of Postsecondary Resources for Education and Learning. Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A. Retrieved: January 20, 2018. Retrieved: July 13, 2017.

Kafye Blaan Empowerment (2015). Educated and Empowered Blaans with Strong Cultural Identity.

Lewis, I. (2006). Early Marriage can be a Violation of Children’s Basic Right. Zambia: EENET Publisher Enabling Education Network.

Luistro, A. (2015). Policy Guidelines on Classroom Assessment for the K to 12 Basic Education Program. DepEd Order No. 8. Department of Education. DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue, Pasig City, Philippines.

Matas, H. B. (2015). Joy and Sorrow of Pre-Arranged Marriage Students. The live’s experiences. International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, Volume 4, Issue 6, June -2015 ISSN 2278-7763 36

Multajimah, M., Ris’an, R., Muzakkir, M., & Marzuki, D. I. (2021). Traditions and Rituals of the Naqsyabandiyah Khalidiyah Babussalam Order (TNKB Practitioners) In the Malay Community Babussalam-Langkat North Sumatra, Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal). Volume 4, Number 1, and Retrieved. April 8, 2021.

Oko, O. F. (2014). Impact of Teachers Motivation on Academic Performance of Students. Thesis. University of Nigeria. Aba, Abia State, Nigeria

Reyes, C. M., Mina, C. D., & Asis, R. D. (2017). Inequality of opportunities among ethnic groups in the Philippines (No. 154). World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

Safrina, D., Dewi, O., Nurlisis, Mitra, & Damaya, I. P. (2021). Analysis of Factors that Correlated with Anemia Incidence in Pregnant Women at Working Area of the Sidomulyo Health Center Outpatient UPTD Pekanbaru City. Britain International of Humanities and Social Sciences (BIoHS) Journal, ISSN: 2685-3868(Online), 2685-1989 (Print) Vol. 3, No. 1, February 2021.

Savignon, S., & Sysoyev, P. V. (2002). Socio-cultural Strategies for a Dialogue of Cultures, The Modern Language Journal. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Secretariat of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (SPFII) (2011). Partnering with Indigenous Peoples: Experiences and Practices.

Tinio, E. L. (1993). The Blaan: A Tribal Cultural Community of Davao del Sur. Dissertation. Ateneo de Davao University-University of Mindanao, Davao City, Philippines

United Nations (2015). Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

Ureta- Caresma, S. (2011). Leadership of Blaan, Leadership of Men Bong Fulong, Datu, Female Fulong.

Vognar, D. (2012). How Important is Culture in Shaping our Behavior?

Wursten, H. & Jacobs, C. (2013). The Impact of Culture on Education, Itim International.



Article Metrics

Abstract view : 68 times
PDF - 24 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License