Liberalism and Newliberalism : Liberalism in Indonesia 1999-2013

Ahmad Shodik, Miftahuddin Miftahuddin


The Indonesian state is authentically a country that is abundant in terms of its natural resources (SDA). The islands from Sabang to Marauke are lined with abundant and varied wealth. Starting from gold, silver, spices and so on. However, the poor state of Indonesia at this time then raises a question mark, why are Indonesia's natural resource assets which spill over cannot support the benefit of the country, instead being followed by bitterness? This problem is very complex and must be searched for causes and solutions found. The goal is so that the Indonesian state does not go bankrupt and become a country that runs aground. Indonesia is entangled in the wave of globalization which is pulling slowly into the valley of destruction. Globalization is sown through these agencies using "nirvana" propaganda for the newly developing countries, including Indonesia. Because, in principle, globalization is nothing more than a camouflage for the expansion of international capitalism which always creates new targets. The collapse caused by the scour of globalization is a historical crisis of authority and extortion of one state to another. One of the fruits of the squeezing of economic globalization is that many laws have a neoliberal flavor. It is clear that the law provides space for international companies to participate in making a profit in Indonesia. Starting from 1999-2012, there were at least 39 laws that led to liberalization. One of the effects of the direction of opening up to foreign capital is that it dominates the agricultural sector. In 2011, foreign investment was dominated by 4 countries: Singapore, the United States, Japan and the UK, covering mining, electricity, gas, water, transportation and agriculture.


liberalism; new liberalism; freedom; individual; economy; natural resources

Full Text:



Agung, Leo. 2013. Sejarah Intelektual. Yogjakarta. Ombak.

Karl Marx, Frieddrich Engels. 2014. Manifesto Partai Komunis. Cakrawangsa: Yogyakarta.

M. Yunus. 2012. “Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya.” Pengaruh Paham Liberalisme dan Neoliberalisme Terhadap Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. 8 nomor (1) 135-160

Manao, H. (2020). Political Reposition of Authority in South Nias DPRD Members in 2014 Election (A Study on Social Construction of Peter L. Berger). Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) Vol 3 (1): 262-269.

Muhammad Abduh. 2013. Menelusuri akar pemikiran liberalisme (Di akses 9 Oktober 2019)

Nur Syyid SK. 2015. Negara Marxis dan Revolusi Proletarit.Yogyakarta. Pustaka Pelajar.

Ridha Aida. 2005. Liberalisme dan Komunitarianisme. Konsep tentang Individu dan Komunitas. 6 nomor (2) 95-105

Rustam Dahar. 2010. Teori Invisble Hand Adam Smit. Dalam Perpektif Ekonomi Islam. 1 nomor (1) 15-26

Sukarna. Sistem Politik Indonesia II. Yogyakarta: Mandar Maju.

Petras & Veltmeyer, 2004. Menelanjangi Globalisasi:Imprialisme Abad ke-21.Yogyakarta: Krasi Wacana

Nugroho Widijanto, 2001. Sistem Informasi Akutansi. Jakarta: Erlangga

Stiglith, Josep E, 2007. Making Globalization work, Terj. Edrijani Azwaldi “Making Globalization Work; Menyiasati globalisasi menuju dunia yang lebih adil”, Bandung: PT Mizan Pustaka

Arif Budiman, 2012. Teori Pembangunan Dunia Ketiga, Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Amin Ibrahim, 2008. Teori Konsep Pelayanan Publik Serta Implementasinya. Bandung: Mandar Maju

Oswaldo, 2009. The Long Consevation: Learning how to Master Enterprise Systems.California menegemen rivew: Sage Publications. Volume 52 (1) 140-166

Moebyarto, 2014 Ekonomi Kerakyatan. Muhammad Ridwan, ed Jakarta: Lembaga Suluh Indonesia

Syarif Faqih, 2009. Bila jatuh Bagunlah!!!. Surabaya: Java Pustaka Media Utama



Article Metrics

Abstract view : 14 times
PDF - 9 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License