Learning Planning Development of “Universal Design for Learning“ for Autism in Elementary School

Kurniasari Kurniasari, Siti Masitoh, Bachtiar Saiful Bachri

Abstract


Autistics take longer to adapt from primary special schools to primary inclusive schools. Adaptability can be improved with an appropriate learning plan that is in accordance with the needs of autistic children. The lesson plans are used for special schools and inclusive schools during the orientation period. This research produces learning planning development products through the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) principle for autism at the elementary school level in special schools that are feasible, practical and effective. The research method used is ADDIE. Analysis of the character and needs of autistic children. Lesson planning is designed according to UDL principles. Development of learning planning through UDL. The results of the research were implemented in special schools and were introduced to inclusive schools. The pandemic has prevented this research from being fully implemented in inclusive schools. The results of the next study were evaluated. The results of this study indicate that the development of UDL learning planning is considered feasible with a percentage of 82.6%; considered practical with a percentage of 81.62%; and quite effective with a range of n-gain¬ values of 0.13 to 0.213. From these results it can be concluded that the UDL learning plan is feasible, practical, and quite effective for autistic children in primary schools and quite effective with a range of n-gain¬ values of 0.13 to 0.213. 

Keywords


autistic; lesson plan; UDL; primary schools

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akker, Jan van den. (2013). Curricular Development Research as a Specimen of Educational Design Research. In T. Plomp, & N. Nieveen, Educational Design Research (pp. 52-71). Enschede: SLO.

Aldoobie, N. (2015). ADDIE Model. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, Vol 5 No. 6, 68-72.

Alnahdi, G. (2014). Assitive Technology in Special Education and the Universal Design for Learning. Turkish Online Journal of Education, 18-23.

Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (2001). The Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Blooms's Taxonomy of Educational Objevtives: A Bridged Edition. New York: Addison Wesley Longman.

APA, A. P. (2013). Learning APA. Retrieved from American Psychiatric Assosiation Website: https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm/updates-to-dsm-5/updates-to-dsm-5-criteria-text

Arikunto, S. (2019). Prosedur Penelitian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Branch, R. M. (2009). Instructional Design: The ADDIE Approach. London: Springer.

Burgstahler, S. (2011). Universal Design in Education: Principles and Applications. Retrieved from Departemen of Education University of Washington: http://www.washington.edu/doit/Brochures/Academics/ud edu.html

Creswell, J. (2015). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative. Pearson Education, Inc.

Dalton, E. M., Perez, L., & Grant, K. (2016). Addressing Varied Learning Needs through Online Profesional Learning and UDL. The Journal on Technology and Person with Disabelities, 11-20.

Degeng, N. S. (2013). Ilmu Pembelajaran. Bandung: Aras Media.

Dick, W., Carey, L., & Carey, J. O. (2015). The Systematic Design of Instruction. USA: Pearson Education Inc.

Edyburn, D. L. (2005). Universal Desain for Learning. Special Education Technology Practise Vol. 7 (5), pp. 16-22.

Gargiulo, R. M., & Metcalf, D. (2017). Teaching in Today's Inclusive Classrooms: A Universal Design for Learning Approach. Boston: Cengage Learning.

Growing Up Unique - . (2019, October 20). Retrieved October 2019 22, 2019, from I am Cadence Autism through a Child's Eyes- Autism and Neurodiversity: https://iamcadence.com

Gutmann, L. (1950). The Basis for Scalogram Analysis. In S. Stouffer, Measurement and Prediction (pp. 75-50). New Jersey Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Hake, R. R. (1998, November 4). AAPT Physics Education. Retrieved January 30, 2019, from American Journal of Physics 66, 64: http://aapt.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1119/1.18809

Ismail. (2020). The Implementation of Jigsaw Type Cooperative Learning Model to Improve Student Learning Outcomes of Senior High School Seulimun in Aceh Besar Regency. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol 3 (3): 1267-1273.

Israel, M. R. (2014). Universal Desain for Learning: Recomendations for Teacher Preparation and Proffesional Development. Florida: CEEDAR Document No. IC-7.

Kelly, A. E. (2013). When is Design Research Appropriate. In T. Plomp, & N. Nieveen, Educational Design Research (pp. 134-151). Enschede: SLO.

Kumar, K. (2010). A Journey toward Creating an Inclusive CLassroom: How Universal Design for Learning has Transformed My Teaching. Transformative Dialogues: Teaching and Learning Jurnal, Volume 4 Issue 2.

Makarim, N. A. (2019, December 10). Permendikbud No 14 Tahun 2019 tentang Penyederhanaan Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran. Jakarta, Daerah Khusus Ibukota, Indonesia.

Marcus, A. (2003, April). Universal, Ubiquitous, User_Interface Design for the Disabled and Elderly. Interaction, pp. 23-27.

McKagan, S., Sayre, E., & Madsen, A. (2017, April 20). Physport. Retrieved January 30, 2018, from Normalized gain: What is it and when and how should I use it?: https://www.physport.org/recommendations

Mindayani, N., Hadi, W., and Ambarita, B. (2019). The Development of SOLO Taxonomy Based Assessment Tool on Text of Observation Reports of X Grade Students of Senior High School 1 NA. IX-X. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol 2 (4): 371-381.

Mustaji. (2017). Model dan Desain Pembelajaran. Surabaya: Unesa University Press.

Parker, D., & Bischoff, J. (2016, October 18-19). Collage and Career Ready IEP's and Universal Design for Learning. Annual State Superintendent's Conference of Special Education and Pupil Service. Wisconsin, Wisconsin, United States of America: Wisconsin Depatermen of Public Instruction.

Plomp, T., & Nieveen, N. (2013). Reference and Source on Educational Design Research. In T. Plomp, & N. Nieveen, Educational Design Research (pp. 170-199). Enschede: SLO.

Rose, D. H., & Meyer, A. (2002). Retrieved April 29, 2018, from ASCD: http://www.cast.org/teachingevery student/ideas/tes/chapter4_1.cfm

Rusdiana, A., & Nasihudin. (2019). Pengembangan Perencanaan Program Pendidikan. Bandung: CV Pustaka Setia.

Sears, M. K. (2009). Universal Design for Learning: Technology and Pedagogy. Learning Disability Quarterly Vol. 32 No. 4, 199-201.

Siahaan, R.Y.K.P., Daulay, S., and Hadi, W. (2020). The Effectiveness of Public Speaking Learning Media Based on Digital Multimodal in Indonesian Language Courses at Politeknik Pariwisata Medan. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal Vol 3 (4): 2036-2047.

Somad, P. (2016, Maret 18). Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). Retrieved Mei 10, 2019, from http://permanariansomad.blogspot.com/2016/03/a.html

Virnes, V. K. (2012). Communication of Children with Autism in a technology. International Cofference on Education and Educational Phycology, 1208-1217.

Widerhan, M., & Odrowski, S. (2012, September 26). UDL Principle II: Multiple Means of Expression. Retrieved May 26, 2020, from Accessible Instruction: UDL in Teaching and LEarning: https://ssbp.mycampus.ca/www_ains_dc/Sample Assignment using UDL guideline Multiple Means of Expression.pdf




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v4i4.3257

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v4i4.3257.g3528

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License